A couple of months ago I took the Muhammad Alshareef class Conquest: History of the Khulufaa. I was embarrased to learn of how little I knew of the companions of the Prophet (SAW) and our pious predecessors. Muhammad Alshareef said that these days kids know every information, every detail about every player on their favorite sports teams. From when and where they were born, their height and weight, where they went to college, kids know their favorite athletes inside and out. Yet most Muslim kids cannot name the rightly guided Khalifas in order let alone know anything about them. Brother Mohab Khalifa was telling me of a time when he had some kids over his house learning Islaam. One kid was asked to name the 4 Khalifas, he did, only he ended up naming Mohab and his 3 other brothers and sisters (Mostafa being one of them) This is a very disturbing sign. Many may wonder as to why its important to learn about the companions or the predecessors. The answer is very simple; they are the ones who not only spread our deen but they are the ones who transmitted it. We all know of the famous hadith:
The people of Israel divided into 72 sects, my Ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them are in the hellfire, and one of them is in paradise." We asked "which one is saved?" the Prophet (saw) said: "the one that is on what Me and my companions are on today."" [Sunan ibn Majah 3981, Kitaab Al Fitan]
Notice the Prophet (SAW) said that the way his AND his companions are on. So it is clear that the the Sunnah is inclusive of the companions and whatever they did is lingustically considered Sunnah.
The hadith is very clear and is a stern warning prohibiting us from following any other way but the Sunnah. As brother Ronald Hassan mentioned a few weeks ago "If your not following the Prophets Sunnah, your following someones Sunnah." How true is that!? Think about it, either we are trying to imitate the companions of the Prophet or we are imitating the athletes and popstars of today, or we're just following our own whims and desires. Isn't it better to follow the way of the best people who walked on this earth? The way of those who suffered day and night for the sake of Allah? The way of those who fought hard to please Allah even against their whims and fancies?
I think so many brothers that I know, including myself have this image that we are sort of like the companions. One such companion that dazzles most of us is Umer bin al-Khattab (RA). His toughness, strength and courage makes all of us want to be like him. But when I think about Umer (ra) and when I compare him to us brothers these days, I cannot but stop laughing. I mean give me a break, we are no where even close to being like Umer! This was the same man whom who used to sacrifice sleep in order to worship Allah, the same man who who wouldn't eat unless his people were fed, the same man who lead the Ummah through the Plague and the Drought, the same man who conquered lands far and wide and with such might! We don't deserve to even be compared to this man.
Brothers and sisters, if we really want to be like the companions and our pious predecessors, we really have to exert ourselves in every part of our life. Carrying this mental image in our head that we are like the companions will not suffice. The tough image and sweet words have to be bakced up by solid faith and sincerity. The first step in becoming more like the companions is learning about them. Everytime we find ourselves in a dilemma we should think of how the companions would have handled the situation. They went throught much more trials and tribulations than any of us can imagine. I think we subconciously have this belief that we are going through a lot more than the companions and the times we are in right now are tougher. This is certainly not the case. Eventhough the companions were living in a truly Islamic environment, it still doesn't mean they didn't go through more hardship than us.
Not only we must learn about the companions but we should love and respect each and every one of them. And when I say each and every one of them, I mean EACH AND EVERY SINGLE ONE OF THEM. I emphasize this point because unfortunately there are some deviant beliefs that have infiltrated the Ummah. Some deviant sects reject the Khalifate of the first three Khalifas (Abu Bakr, Umer, and Uthmaan (ra)). Many of these same sects curse some of the companions and consider them Kafir and destined for hell ( such as Abu Huraira and Muawiya (ra) ). Brothers and sisters on the right path, I warn you to be on full alert of these deviant sects who are spreading their mischeiveous and deviant beliefs even as close to home as Rutgers. I actually know of many brothers who have inadvertantly fallen in the traps of these deviant people and have adopted their Aqeeda. I ask you brothers and sisters to re-read the Hadith above and dwell upon it. How can we love people who hate the companions of our dear Nabi (SAW)? As a matter of fact it is the belief of Ahlus Sunna Wa'l Jama' to love all of the companions of the Prophet (SAW) and hate anyone who hates them. The most popular and widely accepted works of Aqeeda by Imam Jafar Tahawi states in line 93 of his classical book:
"93. We love the Companions of the Messenger of Allah but we do not go to excess in our love for any one individual among them; nor do we disown any one of them. We hate anyone who hates them or does not speak well of them and we only speak well of them. Love of them is a part of Islam, part of belief and part of excellent behavior, while hatred of them is unbelief, hypocrisy and rebellion."
I think its unnecessary to reemphasize the importance of loving and accepting the companions in Islaam. However there are a few other things I wish to discuss.
I learned many useful things in the Muhammad Alshareef class and I wish to pass on some of the stuff here. Many of these unguided sects who in their excessive love for the Prophets (saw) family (which is in contradiction to the Aqeeda principle above) have found ways to cleverly argue with the Ahlus Sunna Wa'l Jama'. When a Sunni says to them "Why are your beliefs such and such, why do you do such and such." These people may reply by saying "Well theres nothing wrong with loving the Prophet's family, we just love the Prophets family." Muhammad Alshareef says that this is the stupidest arguement because as Muslims we naturally love the Prophet's family. Does loving the Prophet's family require hating the rest of the companions? Does it justify hating Abu Bakr whom the Prophet felt the most comfortable around? If you really think about it, theres even no point in even arguing about this futile matter because the companions that are hated by some are actually by Allah's will already in Paradise! Abu Bakr, Umer and Uthman were gauranteed paradise, so theres no point in arguing with these astray people.
So the next time you find yourself in a heated debate involving some of the companions it is better to take a deep breath seek refuge with Allah and calmly walk away. Because the conversation you were having is most probably futile. If you find someone asking you suspicious questions about any of the companions of our beloved Nabi, and you do not have sufficient information to reply the best thing to say is "Hey its none of our business." And it actually is none of our business, whatever fitna that befell the Ummah has Alhamdulilah passed us and its none of business to be making judements about any companion. Remember as Imam Jafar Tawahi says "we only speak well of them."
As a final note I would like to emphasize the importance of learning our Deen. It is time we come out of our shells of hypocrisy and actually begin to learn what our deen is all about. And the fancy word for this is AQEEDA! There will be Aqeeda classes held at MCMC by Imam Raouf Zaman who will Inshallah teach us from the widely accepted book Aqeeda Tahawia. If you want to learn what constitues Imaan, or what constitues Kufr, what kind of person is considered Muslim or what kind of person is consideredf Kafr, or whether you have the beliefs that will lead you to Paradise I sincerly urge you brothes and sisters to take this class Inshallah!.
Yes sir, you are definitely right.
I did not have the chance of attending the class, but as far as we are concerned...the example of hating a companion due to love of another is like saying that due to your great love of Allah that you love Sayidna Muhammed(SAW) little.It simply doesn't work that way. He who loves Allah loves his Rasul...end of story.
If one needs to put down someone in order to reinforce his love for another..he had better take a really close look at wat it is to really have love.on March 20, 2004 4:28 PM
I also suggest to check out this site:
on March 20, 2004 4:30 PM
_Salaam Warahmatullah Wabarakatu
Well said brothers Hamayun and Rami. JazakumAllahu khair.
I will no longer put down some in order to love others. I dont know what I was thinking...
Excellent topic. I actually wrote a real comment to this but it ended up being so long that I decided to use it as an article. But I had so been looking forward to posting a comment that I was forced to improvise. I apologize.
on March 21, 2004 5:08 PM
if bintabbas would like to stop writing comments and start writing articles:
Some idea of what you want to write about.
If you want to write weekly or bi-weekly
Whether or not you're an RU student/alumni
Assalamualaikum Wa Rahmatullah,
Brother Humayun, May Allah reward you for this excellent article. Shouldnt we Muslims stop bickering about people who were humble, who sought only Allah's pleasure? The Righteous Companions of Prophet ( SW) were better than every deviating people who follow their personal whims and the justifications of Iblees. Argue as much as you want, the Right Path has been distinguished from the wrong. Wait a little because Allah will rise us up after death and tell us which ones were right and which ones were wrong. But, deviants, stop slandering the good Companions of the Prophet(SW), its only for your own benefit.
Assalamualaikum Wa Rahmatullah,
greetings from kazakhstani sunnis!
JazakAllahu khairan, brother for th good article!
May Allah (swt) exalt you all in health and iman. Ameen.
With regards to declaring individuals or groups guilty of committing kufr, it is important for us to recognize that such blanket statements must be accompanied with the highest level of discretion possible. It is not sufficient to presume a Muslim guilty of shirk or kufr, but solid evidence must be attained. Like many other aspects of Islamic law, a reasonably fair and just method of investigation must be utilized and it is up to the discretion of a Qadi/Alim to make a true declaration of kufr. We should keep in mind that, although some people may quote the Ulema when they issue verdicts pertaining to kufr, we are not Ulema. One of the works of the scholars that elaborates on when it it is appropriate to declare a Muslim to be a kaffir is highlighted in Imam Al-Ghazzali's (r) "The Boundaries of Theological Tolerance in Islam" with a special translation and explanation by Sherman Jackson. This book highlights the many differences between the various understandings of aqeedah and which of these differences are appropriate and which ones are not.
jinnon September 13, 2005 5:46 PM
Imaam Ahmed once said that those who doubt the Companions of the Prophet (SW) put their own faith in Islam in doubt. Now guys, this is Imaaam Ahmed, a bigger scholar than any Muslim scholar alive. He made alot of sense, just think of it.
Those guys who hate the Companions of the Prophet (SW) should ask themselves , "do we really want to curse and judge those whom we have never seen? How can we justify cursing them when the majority of Muslims around the world love them , and the authentic history books confirm their goodness? How can we really believe in any hadith or the Quran if we were to think that the Companions were corrupt? How can we affirm that Allah has perfected this Deen for us and then question the integrity of the Sahaba?" Ask these to yourselves.
JazakAllah Khairon September 23, 2005 12:45 AM