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September 22, 2004
Vive La Difference!

by Gillette aka Hassan[uddin] Khaja

A special edition of Hidaya
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of and relating to...
Justoju said

I figured most people would argue against mawlid so I thought this would add some spice to the passionate discussion that I am sure is soon to ensue. Hassan Bhai has struck again.

WasalaamuAlaikum
p.s. I love you all for just being Muslims.
----------------------------------
Should we celebrate Mawlid
(The Prophet's (s) birthday)?
Yes we should celebrate it every year
And every month and every week
And every hour and every moment.

Dr. `Isa al-Mani` al-Humayri, Department of Awqaaf, Dubai

Office of Religious Endowments and Islamic Affairs, Dubai
Administration of Ifta' and Research

We find nowadays publications filled with lies and deception which mislead many Muslims into thinking negatively about the honorable Mawlid of the Prophet. These publications claim that to celebrate the Mawlid is an act of innovation that goes against Islam. This is far from the truth, and it is therefore necessary for those who can speak clearly to help clarify and reverse the doubts surrounding this most blessed day. It is with this humble intention that I present the following proofs in support of celebrating our beloved Prophet's birthday.

The Prophet said, "He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected." He also said, "Beware of innovations, for every innovation (kul bida`) is misguidance."

Those opposed to Mawlid cite this saying and hold that the word every (kul) is a term of generalization, including all types of innovations, with no exception, and that therefore, celebrating Mawlid is misguidance. By daring to say that, they accuse the scholars of Islam of innovation. At the top of the list of those they have accused, then, is our Master `Umar (r). Those in opposition to Mawlid quickly reply to this, "But we did not mean the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad."

It follows, then, that the meaning of every (kul) cannot be taken in its general sense. Therefore, although the Prophet may not have said to celebrate his blessed birthday, it is nonetheless not innovation to do so. For, as the following examples show, there were many actions and practices instituted by his close followers after his time that are not deemed innovation.

Compiling the Qu'ran.
(From a Prophetic saying related by Zaid Ibn Thabit.(r)) "The Prophet died and the Qu'ran had not been compiled anywhere. `Umar (r) suggested to Abu Bakr (r) to compile the Qu'ran in one book. When a large number of Companions were killed in the battle of Yamama, Abu Bakr wondered, "How could we do something that the Prophet did not do?' `Umar said, "By Allah, it is good.' `Umar persisted in asking Abu Bakr until Allah expanded his chest for it (Allah made him agree and accept these suggestions) and he sent for Zaid Ibn Thabit and assigned him to compile the Qu'ran." Zaid said, "By Allah if they had asked me to move a mountain, it would not have been more difficult than to compile the Qur'an." He also said, "How could you do something that the Prophet did not do?" Abu Bakr said, "It is good, and `Umar kept coming back to me until Allah expanded my chest for the matter." The saying is narrated in Sahih Al Bukhari.

The Maqam of Ibrahim (as) in relation to the Ka'ba.
(Al Bayhaqi narrated with a strong chain of narrators from Aisha.) "The Maqam during the time of the Prophet and Abu Bakr was attached to the House, then `Umar moved it back." Al Hafiz Ibn Hajar said in Al Fath, "The Companions did not oppose `Umar, neither did those who came after them, thus it became unanimous agreement." He was the first to build the enclosure (maqsura) on it, which still exists today.

Adding the first call to prayer on Friday.
(From Sahih Al Bukhari, from Al Sa'ib bin Yazid.) "During the time of the Prophet (s), Abu Bakr (r) and `Umar (r), the call to Friday prayer used to occur when the Imam sat on the pulpit. When it was Othman's (r) time, he added the third call (considered third in relation to the first adhan and the iqama. But it is named first because it proceeds the call to the Friday prayer.)"

Salutations on the Prophet composed and taught by our Master `Ali (r).
The salutations have been mentioned by Sa'id bin Mansoor and Ibn Jareer in Tahzeeb al Aathar, and by Ibn Abi Assim and Ya'qoob bin Shaiba in Akhbar `Ali and by Al Tabarani and others from Salamah Al Kindi.

The addition to the tashahhud by Ibn Mas'ud.
After "wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu," and the Mercy of Allah and Blessings, he used to say, "assalamu `alayna min Rabbina," peace upon us from our Lord. Narrated by Al Tabarani in Al Kabir, and the narrators are those of the sound transmitters, as it has been mentioned in Majma' Al Zawa'id.

The addition to the tashahhud by Abdullah Ibn `Umar.
He added the basmalah at the beginning of the tashahhud. He also added to the talbia, "labbaika wa sa'daika wal khayru bi yadayka wal raghba'u ilayika wal `amalu" This is mentioned in Bukhari, Muslim, et al.

These are some of the developments instituted by the Prophet's Companions, the scholars, and the honorable members of his nation, which did not exist during the time of the Prophet, and which they deemed good. Are they, then, misguided and guilty of bad innovation?

As for the claim that there is no such thing in religion as good innovation, here are some sayings of the brilliant scholars of Islam belying this claim.

Imam Nawawi said in Sahih Muslim (6-21)
"The Prophet's saying every innovation is a general-particular and it is a reference to most innovations. The linguists say, "Innovation is any act done without a previous pattern, and it is of five different kinds.'" Imam Nawawi also said in Tahzeeb al Asma' wal Sifaat, "Innovation in religious law is to originate anything which did not exist during the time of the Prophet, and it is divided into good and bad." He also said, "Al-muhdathat (pl. for muhdatha) is to originate something that has no roots in religious law. In the tradition of religious law it is called innovation, and if it has an origin within the religious law, then it is not innovation. Innovation in religious law is disagreeable, unlike in the language where everything that has been originated without a previous pattern is called innovation regardless of whether it is good or bad."

Shaykh Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani, the commentator on Al Bukhari, said,
"Anything that did not exist during the Prophet's time is called innovation, but some are good while others are not."

Abu Na'eem, narrated from Ibrahim Al Junaid, said, "I heard Ash-Shafi'i saying,
"Innovation is of two types; praiseworthy innovation and blameworthy innovation, and anything that disagrees with the Sunnah is blameworthy.'"

Imam Albayhaqi narrated in Manaqib Ash-Shafi'i that Ash-Shafi'i said,
"Innovations are of two types: that which contradicts the Qu'ran, the Sunnah, or unanimous agreement of the Muslims is a innovation of deception, while a good innovation does not contradict any of these things."

Al `Izz bin Abdussalam said, at the end of his book, Al Qawa'id,
"Innovation is divided into obligatory, forbidden, recommended, disagreeable and permissible, and the way to know which is which is to match it against the religious law."

Clearly we see from the opinions of these righteous scholars, that to define innovations in worship as wholly negative without exception is ignorant. For these pious knowers, among them Imam Nawawi and Ash-Shafi'i, declared that innovations could be divided into good and bad, based on their compliance or deviance with religious law.

Moreover, the following Prophetic saying is known even to common Muslims, let alone scholars: "He who inaugurates a good practice (sunnatun hasana) in Islam earns the reward of it, and of all who perform it after him, without diminishing their own rewards in the least." Therefore it is permissible for a Muslim to originate a good practice, even if the Prophet didn't do it, for the sake of doing good and cultivating the reward. The meaning of inaugurate a good practice (sanna sunnatun hasana) is to establish a practice through personal reasoning (ijtihad) and derivation (istinbat) from the rules of religious law or its general texts. The actions of the Prophet's Companions and the generation following them which we have stated above is the strongest evidence.

The ones prejudiced against celebrating the Prophet's birthday have paved the way for their falsehood by deceiving the less-learned among the Muslims. The prejudiced ones claim that Ibn Kathir writes in his Al Bidaya wal Nihaya (11-172) that the Fatimide-Obaidite state, which descends from the Jew, Obaidillah Bin Maimoon Al Kaddah, ruler of Egypt from 357-567 A.H., innovated the celebration of a number of days, among them, the celebration of the Prophet's birthday. This treacherous lie is a grave insult to the scholarship of Ibn Kathir and the scholarship of all Islam. For in truth, Ibn Kathir writes about the Prophet's birthday in Al bidaya wal nihaya [13-136] "The victorious king Abu Sa'id Kawkaburi, was one of the generous, distinguished masters, and the glorious kings; he left good impressions and used to observe the honorable Mawlid by having a great celebration. Moreover, he was chivalrous, brave, wise, a scholar, and just." Ibn Kathir continues, "And he used to spend three hundred thousand Dinars on the Mawlid." In support, Imam Al Dhahabi writes of Abu Sa'id Kawkaburi, in Siyar A'laam al nubala' [22-336] "He was humble, righteous, and loved religious learned men and scholars of Prophetic saying."

Following are some sayings of the rightly guided Imams regarding the Mawlid.

Imam Al Suyuti, from Alhawi lil fatawi, wrote a special chapter entitled "The Good Intention in Commemorating the Mawlid," at the beginning of which he said,
"There is a question being asked about commemorating the Mawlid of the Prophet in the month of Rabi' Al Awal: what is the religious legal ruling in this regard, is it good or bad? Does the one who celebrates get rewarded or not?" The answer according to me is as follows: To commemorate the Mawlid, which is basically gathering people together, reciting parts of the Qu'ran, narrating stories about the Prophet's birth and the signs that accompanied it, then serving food, and afterwards, departing, is one of the good innovations; and the one who practices it gets rewarded, because it involves venerating the status of the Prophet and expressing joy for his honorable birth.

Ibn Taymiyya said in his book Iqtida' Al Sirat Al Mustaqeem (pg. 266)
"Likewise, what some people have innovated, in competition with the Christians in celebrating the birth of Jesus, or out of love and veneration of the Prophet⦣128;榱uot; and he continues "⦣128;洨at the predecessors didn't do, even though there is a reason for it, and there is nothing against it." This is a saying of someone who set fanaticism aside and sought to please Allah and his Prophet. As far as we are concerned, we commemorate the Mawlid for no other reason but what Ibn Taymiya said, "Out of love and veneration of the Prophet." May Allah reward us according to this love and effort, and may Allah bless the one who said, "Let alone what the Christians claim about their Prophet, and you may praise Muhammad in any way you want and attribute to his essence all honors and to his status all greatness, for his merit has no limits that any expression by any speaker might reach."

In the same source previously mentioned, Al Suyuti said,
"Someone asked Ibn Hajar about commemorating the Mawlid. Ibn Hajar answered, "Basically, commemorating the Mawlid is an innovation that has not been transmitted by the righteous Muslims of the first three centuries. However, it involves good things and their opposites, therefore, whoever looks for the good and avoids the opposites then it is a good innovation.' It occurred to me (Al Suyuti) to trace it to its established origin, which has been confirmed in the two authentic books: Al Sahihain. When the Prophet arrived in Medina he found that the Jews fast the day of Aashura; when he inquired about it they said, "This is the day when Allah drowned the Pharaoh and saved Moses, therefore we fast it to show our gratitude to Allah.' From this we can conclude that thanks are being given to Allah on a specific day for sending bounty or preventing indignity or harm." Al Suyuti then commented, "What bounty is greater than the bounty of the coming of this Prophet, the Prophet of Mercy, on that day?"

"This is regarding the basis of Mawlid. As for the activities, there should be only the things that express thankfulness to Allah, such as what has been previously mentioned: reciting Qu'ran, eating food, giving charity, reciting poetry praising the Prophet or on piety which moves hearts and drives them to do good and work for the Hereafter."


These are the derivations that those opposed to Mawlid call false conclusions and invalid analogies.

Imam Mohammed bin Abu Bakr Abdullah Al Qaisi Al Dimashqi.
Jami' Al Athar fi Mawlid, Al Nabiy Al Mukhtar, Al lafz al ra'iq fi Mawlid khayr al khala'iq, and Mawlid al sadi fi Mawlid Al Hadi,

Imam Al `Iraqi.
Al Mawlid al heni fi al Mawlid al sani.

Mulla `Ali Al Qari.
Al Mawlid Al rawi fil Mawlid al Nabawi.

Imam Ibn Dahiya.
Al Tanweer fi Mawlid Al basheer Al Nadheer.

Imam Shamsu Din bin Nasir Al Dimashqi.
Mawlid al Sadi fi Mawlid Al Hadi. He is the one who said about the Prophet's estranged uncle, Abu Lahab, "This unbeliever who has been dispraised, "perish his hands" [111: 1], will stay in Hell forever. Yet, every Monday his torment is being reduced because of his joy at the birth of the Prophet." How much mercy can a servant expect who spends all his life joyous about the Prophet and dies believing in the Oneness of Allah?

Imam Shamsu Din Ibn Al Jazri.
Al Nashr fil Qira'at Al `Ashr, `Urf Al Ta'reef bil Mawlid al shareef.

Imam Ibn Al Jawzi
Imam Ibn Al Jawzi said about the honorable Mawlid, "It is security throughout the year, and glad tidings that all wishes and desires will be fulfilled."

Imam Abu Shama
Imam Abu Shama (Imam Nawawi's shaykh) in his book Al ba'ith ala Inkar Al bida` wal hawadith (pg.23) said, "One of the best innovations in our time is what is being done every year on the Prophet's birthday, such as giving charity, doing good deeds, displaying ornaments, and expressing joy, for that expresses the feelings of love and veneration for him in the hearts of those who are celebrating, and also, shows thankfulness to Allah for His bounty by sending His Messenger, the one who has been sent as a Mercy to the worlds."

Imam Al Shihab Al Qastalani
Imam Al Shihab Al Qastalani (Al Bukhari's commentator) in his book Al mawahib Al Ladunniya (1-148) said, "May Allah have mercy on the one who turns the nights of the month of the Prophet's birth into festivities in order to decrease the suffering of those whose hearts are filled with disease and sickness."

There are others who wrote and spoke about Mawlid, such as Imam Al Sakhawi, Imam Wajihu Din bin `Ali bin al Dayba' al Shaybani al Zubaidi, and many more, which we will not mention due to the limited space available. From these many evidences, it should be clear by now that celebrating the Mawlid is highly commendable and allowed. Surely we cannot simply shrug off as heretics the scholars and dignitaries of this nation who approved the commemoration of the Mawlid and wrote countless books on the subject. Are all these scholars, to whom the whole world is indebted for the beneficial books they have written on Prophetic sayings, jurisprudence, commentaries, and other sorts of knowledge, among the indecent who commit sins and evil? Are they, as those opposed to Mawlid claim, imitating the Christians in celebrating the birth of Jesus? Are they claiming that the Prophet did not convey to the nation what they should do? We leave answers to these questions up to you.

And yet we must continue to examine the errors which those opposed to Mawlid utter. They say "If celebrating the Mawlid is from the religion, then the Prophet would have made it clear to the nation, or would have done it in his lifetime, or it would have been done by the Companions." No one can say that the Prophet did not do it out of his humbleness, for this is speaking evil of him, so they cannot use this argument.

Furthermore, that the Prophet and his Companions did not do a certain thing does not mean they made that thing prohibited. The proof is in the Prophet's saying, "Whoever establishes, in Islam, a good practice..." cited earlier. This is the strongest evidence that gives encouragement to innovate whatever practices have foundations in religious law, even if the Prophet and his Companions did not do them. Al Shafi'i said, "Anything that has a foundation in religious law is not an innovation even if the Companions did not do it, because their refraining from doing it might have been for a certain excuse they had at the time, or they left it for something better, or perhaps not all of them knew about it." Therefore, whoever prohibits anything based on the concept that the Prophet did not do it, his claim has no proof and must be rejected.

Thus we say to the rejecters of Mawlid: based on the rule you have attempted to found, that is, that whoever does anything that the Prophet or his Companions did not do is committing innovation, it would follow that the Prophet did not complete the religion for his nation, and that the Prophet did not convey to the nation what they should do. No one says this or believes this except a heretic defecting from the religion of Allah. To the doubters of Mawlid we declare, "Based on what you say, we convict you." For you have innovated in the basics of worship a large number of things that the Prophet did not do⦣128;⦣128;nor did his Companions, the Generation after the Companions, or the Generation after them. For instance:

Congregating people behind one Imam to pray Salat al Tahajjud after Salat Al Tarawih, in the two Holy Mosques and other mosques.

Reciting the Prayer of Completion of the Qu'ran in Salat al Tarawih and also in Salat al Tahajjud.

Designating the 27th night of Ramadan to complete reading the entire Qu'ran in the two Holy Mosques.

A caller saying, after Salat al Tarawih, in the Qiyam prayer, "May Allah reward you."

Founding organizations which did not exist in the time of the Prophet, such as Islamic universities, societies for committing the Qu'ran to memory, and offices for missionary work, and committees for enjoining good and forbidding evil. We are not objecting to these things, since they are forms of good innovation. We merely list these innovations to point out that those who oppose Mawlid clearly contradict their own rule stating that anything that neither the Prophet nor his Companions did is innovation. And since they claim that all innovation is bad, they themselves are guilty.

Yet another claim they make is to say that those who commemorate the Mawlid are mostly indecent and immoral. This is a vulgar statement and it only reflects the character of the one saying it. Are all the distinguished scholars that we have mentioned, from the point of view of those opposed to Mawlid, indecent and immoral? We won't be surprised if this is what they believe. This is a most serious slander. We say, as the poet said, "When Allah wants to spread a virtue that has been hidden, He would let a tongue of an envious person know about it."

Those opposed to Mawlid, may Allah guide them, have confused some expressions, and claim that some religious scholars associate partners with Allah. Take for example the plea of Imam Al Busiery to Prophet Muhammad, "Oh, most generous of creation, I have no one to resort to, save You, when the prevailing event takes place." They must examine carefully the saying of Imam Al Busiery: inda hulul il amim, when the prevailing event takes place. What is al Amim? It means that which prevails over the whole universe, and all of creation, in referring to the Day of Judgment. Imam Al Busiery is asking intercession from the Prophet on the Day of Judgment because on that Day we will have no one to resort to, or appeal to. Imam Al Busiery seeks his intercession to Allah through the Prophet, for when all other Messengers and Prophets will be saying, "Myself, myself," the Prophet will be saying, "I am the one for it, I am for it [the Intercession]" It becomes even more clear now that the doubts of those opposed to Mawlid are unfounded, just as their charges of associating partners with Allah are unfounded. This is due to their blindness, both physical and spiritual.

Another similar example can be found in the well-known saying transmitted by the distinguished Imam Al Kamal bin Al Hammam Al Hanafi, author of Fath il Qadeer fi manasik al Farisi, and Sharh al Mukhtar min al sada al ahnaf. When Imam Abu Hanifa visited Medina, he stood in front of the honorable grave of the Prophet and said, "O, most honorable of the Two Weighty Ones (humankind and jinn)! O, treasure of mankind, shower your generosity upon me and please me with your pleasure. I am aspiring for your generosity, and there is no one for Abu Hanifa in the world but you." Again, we must not misinterpret this entreaty, but realize its true meaning.

Yet another misconception those opposed to Mawlid hold can be seen in their statements such as these: "What occurs during Mawlid is mixing between men and women, singing and playing musical instruments, and drinking alcohol." I myself know this to be a lie, for I have attended many Mawlids and have not seen any mixing, and never heard any musical instruments. And as for drunkenness, yes, I have seen it, but not that of worldly people. We found people intoxicated with the love of the Prophet, a state surpassing even the agony of death, which we know overcame our master Bilal at the time of his death. In the midst of this sweet stupor he was saying, "Tomorrow I shall meet the loved ones, Muhammad and his Companions."

To continue, those opposed to Mawlid say, "The day of the Prophet's birth is the same day of the week as his death. Therefore, joy on this day is no more appropriate than sorrow, and if religion is according to one's opinion, then this day should be a day of mourning and sorrow." This kind of lame eloquence, is answered by the Imam Jalal al Din al Suyuti, in Al hawi lil fatawi (pg.193), "The Prophet's birth is the greatest bounty, and his death is the greatest calamity. Religious law urges us to express thankfulness for bounties, and be patient and remain calm during calamities. Religious law has commanded us to sacrifice an animal on the birth of a child [and distribute the meat to the needy], which is an expression of gratitude and happiness with the newborn, while it did not command us to sacrifice at the time of death. Also, it prohibited wailing and showing grief. Therefore, the rules of Divine Law indicate that it is recommended to show joy during the month of the Prophet's birth, and not to show sorrow for his death."

Furthermore, Ibn Rajab, in his book Al lata'if, dispraising the rejecters of Mawlid based on the above argument, said, "Some designated the day of Aashura as a funeral ceremony for the murder of Al Hussein. But neither Allah nor His Prophet commanded that the days of the prophets' great trials or deaths should be declared days of mourning, let alone those with lesser rank."

We conclude this article with a saying of the Prophet, which has been narrated by Abu Ya'la, from Hudhaifa and about which Ibn Kathir said, "It's chain of transmission is good." Abu Ya'la said, "The Prophet has said, "One of the things that concerns me about my nation is a man who studied the Qu'ran, and when its grace started to show on him and he had the appearance of a Muslim, he detached himself from it, and threw it behind his back, and went after his neighbor with a sword and accused him of associating partners with Allah.' I then asked, "Oh, Prophet of Allah, which one is more guilty of associating partners with Allah, the accused or the accuser?' The Prophet said, "It is the accuser.'"

Completed, with all Praises to Allah and salutations and peace be upon our master Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and his Companions.

Copyright The Muslim Magazine, 1998
source: http://sunnah.org/ibadaat/mawlid_dubai.htm

on September 22, 2004 7:06 PM
Justoju said

Oh and I dont know about the hanbali madhab but I do know that the vast majority of fuqaha within the hanafi, maliki, and shafii madhabs approve of mawlid as long as long as the celebrations are free of the unlawful or reprehensible, such as free intermingling of the sexes, excessive wasteful spending, and the like, and as long as it is not held to be something necessary to do such that those who chose not to participate are considered to be in error. Those traditional scholars who criticize it do not criticize the event itself, but these related excesses.

There is a lot of stuff on the madhabs' understanding of mawlid at http://www.sunnipath.com

on September 22, 2004 7:18 PM
Rami said

Asalaam Aleikum Warahmatullah Wabaraktu,

For what little wisdom I may have:

On this issue of the Mawlid I looked it up on Islamonline and this is what I found:

http://www.islamonline.net/fatwa/english/FatwaDisplay.asp?hFatwaID=34150

As for any type of Bid'a (may it be mawlid or dhikr or whatevr)...My humble opinion is better safer than sorry:


Volume 1, Book 2, Number 49:
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:

I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.


Waslaam Warahmatullah Wabarakatu

on September 22, 2004 10:28 PM
Abdullaah Somebody and Ibtisam said

Mawlid is considered a bid'ah by the salafees.
The prophet SAW did not celebrate his own birthday and neither did the salaf us-saalih and the khalaf( the first three generation of Muslims) celebrate Rasool SAW birthday.
It is better to follow his sunnah and nowadays people only party and not follow it.
The companions who were the best and knew Rasool SAW the best followed his sunnah.
Why did rasool SAW not celebrate his own birthday or the birthday of other prophets. We must not add something into our religion with clear cut evidence.

on September 23, 2004 1:08 AM
Justoju said

To sister Ibtisam-- Its obvious you didnt read the article from Muslim Magazine that I posted above because it deals with the exact issue that you are talking about. I know its long, but reading it would make this a more productive discussion. I assure you that I read everyone elses links and posts.

To brother Rami-- You are absolutely right about better safe than sorry. Personally in my family and extended family NO ONE celebrates mawlid and thats OK. No one HAS to. The problem arises when you have the majority of the madhabs saying that one thing is permissable and then some people (who arent associated with any one madhab) saying that it isnt. When one contradicts the majority of the madhaib one is on very delicate ground. So then it comes down to how legitimate one believes the madhaib are. So since the majority of the madhabs say it is OK (and the majority of the ulema for the majority of islamic history have followed a madhab), and the reasoning in the above articles makes sense to me, I think its better for me to be safe than sorry and go with the opinions of the majority of ulema for the majority of islamic history...
And again, no one HAS to celebrate anything. This is just a question of aqeedah here. Its a question of respecting majority madhab opinion. I mean who amongst us REALLY thinks they or their present-day teachers are strong enough to say that the majority of fuqaha for the majority of islamic history have been wrong about a monumental issue of bid'a?

on September 23, 2004 1:38 AM
Rami said

Asalaam Aleikum Warahmatullah Wabarakatu,

What I meant by 'better safe then sorry' was not in fatwatizing the haramness or halalness of the issue...but merely to say that whether or not an issue is considered halal, and even if it is in the sight of Allah subhanna wa taala...as long as it is not compulsory on me and I am not sure of its halalness...by going the safe road I would be keeping out of trouble and make sure I'm not falling into Bid'a. I posted the link above by Sheikh Qaradawi and Sheikh Saqr only to show that according to their fatwas in is not haraam, and they have the credibilities to make fatwas...not us.

I think that is what you were saying anyway...but i liked to clarify just in case.

Also, sadly enough...I think a big problem has arisen in people's quickness to declare fatwas...scholar or not. I remember a sheikh telling me once about 'Who do we think we are...?' when saying how it took on of the 4 madhab scholars (I can't remember which) eight years o give a fatwa on a question someone asked. The reason? Because he was afraid of saying it was haraam or halaal and be wrong and therefore take a portion of the punishment for anyone doing so from his ruling.

Wasalaam Warahmatullah Wabarakatu

on September 23, 2004 5:08 AM
gillette (re: ibn kathir) said

From 'al-Qawal al-fasl fee al-Ihtifaal bi Mawlid Khayr al-Rusul' (pg. 110+) of Shaykh Ismaa'eel al-Ansaaree:

As for the claim of the author of the letter published in the magazine 'al-Mujtama' (no.559), while listing the authors who considered the celebration of the Mawlid to be permissible and their works (concerning this), that the author of 'Kashf al-Dhunoon fee Usaamee al-Kutub wa al-Funoon' mentioned on page 319 that al-Haafidh ibn Katheer authored a number of treatise concerning the noble Mawlid. From amongst them: 'Jaami al-Aathaar fee Mawlid al-Nabiyy al-Mukhtaar' in three volumes, 'al-Lafdh al-Raa'iq fee Mawlid Khayr al-Khalaa'iq' and it is succinct. And his claim that ibn Fahd mentioned that ibn Katheer authored a book which he entitled, 'Mawrid as-Saadee fee Mawlid al-Haadee.' And his saying that al-Haafidh as-Sakhaawee had a book concerning the Mawlid entitled, 'at-Tibr al-Masbook fee Dhail as-Sulook' then all of this is a grievous error having no basis for being correct.

As for 'Jaami al-Aathaar fee Mawlid al-Nabiyy al-Mukhtaar' then looked up 'Kashf al-Dhunoon' to ascertain the truth of his words and we found it under the letter 'jeem' (pg.533) and the text is, 'Jaami al-Aathaar fee Mawlid an-Nabiyy al-Mukhtaar of Shams ad-Deen Muhammad bin Naasir ad-Deen ad-Dimishqee, died in the year 842, being in three volumes commencing with the words, "all praise is due to Allaah Who displayed Muhammad as the most purest of the Universe"

And we found under the letter 'laam' page 1559 the words, 'al-Lafdh al-Raa'iq fee Mawlid Khayr al-Khalaa'iq' a short booklet by al-Haafidh Shams ad-Deen Muhammad bin Naasir ad-Deen ad-Damishqee who died in the year 842.'

And we found under the letter 'meem' page. 1910 the words, 'al-Haafidh as-Sakhaawee mentioned in his 'Daw al-Laami' a group who wrote concerning the Mawlid of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) from amongst them al-Haafidh ibn Naasir ad-Deen ad-Damishqee who authored in this regards 'Jaami al-Aathaar fee Mawlid an-Nabiyy al-Mukhtaar' in three volumes and a booklet 'al-Lafdh al-Raa'iq fee Mawlid Khayr al-Khalaa'iq' and it is shorter than the one mentioned before it'

As for 'Mawrid as-Saadee fee Mawlid al-Haadee' then the claim of the author of that article that ibn Fahd attributed it to ibn Katheer is without basis for ibn Fahd said in 'Lahdh al-Alhaadh bi Dhail Tabaqaat al-Huffaadh' (pg. 320-321) under the biography of ibn Naasir ad-Deen ad-Damishqee, 'he authored, and some of them concerned the Mawlid of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and it is 'Jaami al-Aathaar fee Mawlid al-Mukhtaar' in three volumes, and 'Tawdeeh al-Mushtabah' and 'Mawrid as-Saadee fee Mawlid al-Haadee'..'

And this which is mentioned by ibn Fahd is declared with certainty by as-Sakhaawee and ash-Shawkaanee.

So it becomes clear with all of this that the claims of the author of that article published in 'al-Mujtama' magazine has no basis.

Then what ibn Katheer mentions in the section on the Prophetic biography in his 'Bidaayah wan Nihaayah', and in his lengthy 'Seerah' and in the sections of 'Ikhtisaar Seerah ar-Rasool', and in his stand alone treatise on the Mawlid published with the tahqeeq of Salaah ad-Deen al-Manjad, and in his revision to the Mawlid of his shaykh Kamaal ad-Deen Abee Ma'aalee Muhammad bin Alee al-Ansaaree contained in the section detailing 'Dalaa'il an-Nubuwwah' in his 'Bidaayah wan Nihaayah' he does not present anything in these concerning the celebration of the Mawlid of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and neither of the evil practices that have occurred amongst the later generations with respect to the Mawlid. Therefore as long as the matter is like this then we cannot accept the claim of the author of that article.

[fn: and what Muhammad bin Alawee al-Maalikee vainly thinks in his work 'al-Ihtifaal bi Mawlid an-Nabawiyy ash-Shareef' (pg. 38) that the 'Mawlid' of al-Haafidh ibn Katheer is from those works that present celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet is not correct.]

As for the saying of the author of that article that as-Sakhaawee authored a book about the Mawlid entitled 'at-Tibr al-Masbook fee Dhail al-Sulook' then this is also incorrect as-Sakhaawee said in his autobiography contained in 'Daw al-Laami li A'yaan al-Qarn at-Taasi' (8/17) while listing his works, 'and 'at-Tibr al-Masbook fee Dhail alaa Taareekh al-Maqreezee as-Sulook' containing the events and deaths (of scholars) since the year 45 to this day in 4 volumes' so this is what as-Sakhaawee himself clarifies and it is clear that the subject matter of the book is not the Mawlid even though it may contain things connected to the Mawlid.

on September 23, 2004 8:06 AM
gillette (re: ibn taymiyyah) said


Ibn Taymiyyah says, "because the Eeds are legislated laws from amongst the laws, so it is necessary to follow them, and not to innovate them, and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) had many lectures, treaties, and great events that happened on a number of (documented) days such as the Day of Badr, Hunain, al-Khandaq, the Conquest of Mecca, the occurrence of his hijrah, his entry to Madeenahand none of this necessitated that these days be taken as days of Eed. Rather this sort of thing was done by the Christians who took the days in which great events happened to Jesus as eeds, or by the Jews. Indeed the Eed is a legislated law, so what Allaah legislates is followed, otherwise do not innovate in this religion that which is not part of it.

And like this is what some of the people have innovated, either in opposition to the Christian celebration of the birthday of Jesus, or out of love for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and in honour of him. And Allaah will reward them for this love and ijtihaad, but NOT FOR THE BIDAH of taking the day of the birth of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) as an eed - this along with the difference of the people as to when he was born.

on September 23, 2004 8:08 AM
gillette said

i make a conscious decision to talk about something other than women, love, sex, or marriage, and now look what happens.

on September 23, 2004 8:10 AM
gillette (re: hadeeth on starting a good sunnah) said

The following Hadeeth is used to derive evidence that people can invent new practices in Islam, either good or bad: Whosoever starts in Islam a good practice (sunnah), he gets the reward of it, and the reward of all those who act on it. And whosoever starts in Islam an evil practice (sunnah), he gets the evil of it and the evil of all those who act on it. [Saheeh Muslim]

But if they were to take this Hadeeth in it's full context, then it would not be possible to deduce such a thing. Imaam Muslim (rahimahullah) reported this story from Jareer ibn Abdullah (radhi allahu anhu), he said: Some people came to Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) wearing woolen garments. He saw they were in bad shape and in desperate need, so he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) urged the people to give them charity. People were very slow to respond, and it could be seen on his face (that he was upset). Then a man from the Ansar brought a package of silver, then another came, then after him another and another, and his face was filled with joy. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: Whoever starts a practice (Sunnah) in Islam, and others do likewise after him, there will be written for him a reward like that of those who followed him, without detracting it in the least from their reward. Whoever starts a bad practice (Sunnah) in Islam, and others do likewise after him, there will be written for him a burden of sin like that of those who followed him, without detracting it in the least from their burden. [Saheeh Muslim]

Here, the meaning of the word 'sunnah' should be taken in the linguistic sense (i.e. practice) and not in the Shari'ah sense (i.e. the life example of Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)) because otherwise it would imply that there is something bad in the Sunnah. Thus, the meaning will be the one who renews an evil act will get its evil.

Secondly, the Companion (radhi allahu anhu), who gave the charity did not start anything new, for giving charity was legislated from the early days of Islam, as proved by the Makkan soorahs. Rather he just renewed a Sunnah that was being neglected.

on September 23, 2004 8:22 AM
gillette (re: as-suyuti) said

In regards to celebrating the Prophet's Birthday, the legitimacy (authority, authenticity) is derived from a Hadeeth reported in Baihaqee from Anas (radhi allahu anhu): The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) performed Aqeeqah for himself after his Prophethood.

As-Suyutee said concerning this Hadeeth: Another primary text has occurred to me by which the legitimacy of the Mawlid can be derived, namely what is reported by al-Bayhaqee from Anas (radhi allahu anhu) that 'the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) performed Aqeeqah for himself after his Prophet-hood.'

And it occurs that his grandfather Abdul Muttalib performed the Aqeeqah for him when he was a child of seven years, and the Aqeeqah is not repeated a second time. So, therefore this is to be taken to mean that what the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) did was to openly manifest gratitude for Allah making him the mercy for the universe and to legislate this for his Ummah, just as he used to do by his sending salaam upon himself.

Therefore, it is recommended for us that we openly manifest gratitude for his birth." ('Husnul Maqsad' of as-Suyutee contained in his 'Haawi lil Fataawi').

As-Suyutee quoted this hadeeth from 'Sunan al-Kubraa' (9/300) of al-Bayhaqee. Chapter: 'al-Aqeeqah Sunnah', yet it is strange that he did not quote the rest of al-Bayhaqee's words. He (Al-Bayhaqee) said: "Abdullaah bin Muharrar reported a munkar (rejected) hadeeth concerning the Prophet's performing Aqeeqah for himself [quotes the hadeeth]..Abdur Razzaaq said, 'indeed they (scholars of hadeeth) abandoned Abdullaah bin Muharrar due to the state of this hadeeth and it is reported from another perspective from Qataadah and yet another perspective from Anas and it is nothing."

When Imaam Maalik was asked about this hadeeth he replied, "Do you see the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, for whom the Aqeeqah was not performed in the days of Jaahiliyyah, performing Aqeeqah for themselves in Islam? This is from the rejected (narrations)" [quoted from him by ibn Rushd al-Maaliki in the 'Book of Aqeeqah' of his work 'al-Muqaddamaat al-Mumahhadaat' 2/15]

Similar statements are reported from great scholars like; Abu Dawood in his 'Masaa'il Imaam Ahmad' Ibn Hibbaan said in his 'Kitaab al-Majrooheen' (2/29), An-Nawawee in 'Majmoo' Sharh Muhadhdhab' (8/330) of an-Nawawee chpt: 'Aqeeqah' | Ibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee in 'Talkhees al-Habeer' 4/147 of ibn Hajr chpt: 'al-Aqeeqah'. He also declares the hadeeth from all of it's various perspectives to be da'eef in Fath al-Baree.

Therefore, to use this inauthentic Hadeeth to derive the legitimacy of Mawlid is not correct.

on September 23, 2004 8:26 AM
Faisal Akhtar said

Assalam-o-alaikom.

I have some big issues with people declaring actions as bidahs without showing their proof. In the other thread, Sister Ibtisam said that raising takbeer is bidah while here, Hassan is delaring Mawlid to be bidah.

I need the proof. Just because someone drew a funny cartoon or said that raising Takbir is bidah, does not satisfy the burden of proof. Please show your work before making such claims.

Wasalam

on September 23, 2004 10:40 AM
AlexLahoz said

two points:
i. there is scholarly disagreement about this matter. therefore those of use who are not scholars should leave the topic (when a matter has not been settled, the is no affirmative duty upon the layperson to advise his/her brothers against it)

ii. the cartoon figures that were posted, besides unnecessarily mocking people of knowledge who approve of and participate in mawlid celebrations and comparing them to disbelievers, would be considered by many scholars a form of tasweer. it strikes me as more that a little bizzare that one would employ such a controversial method to deride a seemingly controversial practice.

on September 23, 2004 11:04 AM
IBtiSAM said

Aah okay, no derision,
but you must also remark that the way the article Sister Justojo posted is very offensive/defensive in saying that those who think Mawlid is incorrect are such and such. Okay I admit defeat. I personally do not celebrate Rasool SAW birthday and I use to say takbeers but not anymore. I am a product of the environment I grew up in (ultra-orthodox).
I am a salafee chic, give me a break
and the way the article was written was sorta offensive to me(i didnt take it personally or anything but whatever).
And Br.Gillette, this is better than the attempts you make to write on the subject of women and marriage and I dont remember any articles written on the other two on hidayah. Only Br. Talal and Sister Justojo wrote on love and I wrote a fictional story that combined all four. So this is definitely BETTER.

on September 23, 2004 9:17 PM
Justoju said

to Sister Ibtisam - if you find it offensive that the author of the Muslim Magazine article that I posted said that people who say mawlid is bidah are incorrect, then I find it offensive that there was an illustration posted that mocks those muslims who say mawlid is permissable...especially since there is difference of opinion on the matter and the majority of the madhabs do say it is permissable.
You dont have to celebrate it but when you say it is bidah and haram then you have to accept that there is a LARGE difference of opinion on that and so its better not to say anything. Thats why, despite my weekly writer's block (and resulting mediocre writing), I never posted anything in my column on mawlid. There is a LOT more stuff that we all AGREE is haram and I think its a bit more important (and less fitnafying) to write about that.

Also, I dont think it is correct to equate being ultra-orthodox with being salafi---there are ultra-orthodox hanafis, shafii's, maliki's, and hanbalis too you know. You follow a certain interpretation and thats fine, you are entitled to that, but do not confuse it with being ultra-orthodox. There are salafis that practice and salafis that dont---I know cuz 90% of my friends are salafis...I actually dont even like using the word 'salafi' because most of the people I know that are labelled 'salafi' dont like any labels other than 'muslim' and I think its important that we respect that.

on September 24, 2004 12:39 AM
Ibtisam said

Yes, you are right, if you know I did not post this article anyway. And you are right that ultra-orthodox can be anybody and I did not mean to exclude Muslims with other opinions, I was just trying to say that Salafees are seen as rigid so I said ultra-orthodox. And it is true, salafees can be not that practicing, I consider myself as one of them, I am practicing but not in the sense that some other salafees do. I know that people dont like to be labeled salafee and instead just want to be called 'muslim' my own family is the same way and I also call myself a muslim but just to stir up some spice and to make a joke, I would call myself salafee(in a joking matter). I think you totally missed the light attitude in my posts (for once, I had this light attitude and it did not get across, subhanallaah). I am very respectful of muslims opinions and I dont harass anyone for thinking one way or another, please do not think me a sectarian or biased person, rather I try to connect with everyone muslims and non-muslims and even more so with my own sisters.

on September 24, 2004 2:43 AM
Ibti SAM said

90% of your friends are salafees? subhanallaah, got be NJ that is why
Can I be your friend too? and your 90% salafee friends' friend too, LOL!

on September 24, 2004 2:48 AM
Justoju said

1. Sweetheart, darling, jaan you are already my friend. We exchanged emails remember :)

2. All discussions and disagreements that take place on Hidaya are not to be taken personally.

3. By virtue of your being Muslim, I accept you as being of the elite of humanity and creation. You are one of the chosen ones. Difference of opinion does not take away from that and I apologize if I in any way hurt your feelings or offended you.

4. The majority of my family is salafi too. Welcome aboard. I hope you can cook.

on September 24, 2004 3:42 AM
Faisal Akhtar said

Assalam-o-alaikom.

I myself still hold the celebration of mawlid to be impermissible. What I have problems with is that the proof of position was provided after the comments were made.

I am glad you are finally coming out of your shell sister Ibtisam and being a little light hearted. I am not doubting you on the fact that raising takbeer maybe bidah but in order for me accept that something as uplifitng as saying "Allah is great" is bidah, I am going to need more proof than just your word on the matter. I respect your word, I still want proof and thus far, I have not seen any.

This matter is driving me crazy. I have been looking for something regarding the matter since yesterday and I am unable to find anything. Please can you post the fatwa that says raising takbeer is bidah so that it will benefit all of us? Can someone (ultra orthodox whatever) please clear this matter up?

Wasalam

on September 24, 2004 4:09 AM
Iyad said

So, Justojo, I take it you are not salafee, even though the majority of your family is, am I right to presume?

on December 5, 2004 3:08 AM
Justoju said

Some salafis call me sufi and some sufis call me salafi. I call myself a Muslim. Talk about a trinity...

on December 5, 2004 3:57 AM
Ibtisam said

Sister is chalaak, I must say, very chalaak Justoju, I think it is obvious from your post that you are not(salafee).You can call yourself a muslim but the scholars you listen to is the "ideology" you attach yourself with. but I must say it is right to call yourself muslim only.

on December 8, 2004 2:29 AM
Ibtisam said

I guess in an email if you can reply, let me know why (after majority of your family being salafee) you decided to not be so rigidly salafee and instead took a different interpretation. I would like to know your take as discussion just between you and me on that because majority of my family is not salafee and I am a proud adherent to the "school of thought and ideology"
and to this day I have not had a discussion complete with someone who believed in following one madhab to the letter and I would like to know about it. so when you have time, email me and we can discuss the issue, as I want to learn more. I know about the scholars of the ALIM program, although I have read one or two papers by them but not heard their speeches. Have you ever taken an Al-maghrib class?
This is purely academic discussion for me, I do not mean to cause any fitnah or so(although, at times it has been very easy for me to disagree with you :) ) And I do not wish to involve anyone else in the discussion.
By the way is anyone on hidaya related to you or part of your family, again you may reply via email.
I am sorry, I hope everyone understand that this is between me and Sr. Justoju.

on December 8, 2004 2:38 AM
Justoju said

"the scholars you listen to is the "ideology" you attach yourself with."

Sister, with all due respect, doesnt your above statement directly contradict the salafist position on taqlid?

What you consider to be 'chalaak' is just me being honest. I am open to AlMaghrib classes and have attended them in the past. At the same time, I am open to Zaytuna sponsored programs. I refuse to hate and I believe in giving scholars the benefit of the doubt that they deserve as Muslims. As long as they are Sunni, I will fight for their reputations and will be angered by slander and gheebah of them. This applies to Sh. Yusuf Estes, Ustaadh Muhammad AlShareef, Sheikh Hamza Yusuf, and Imam Zaid Shakir.

Its surprising that my ability to tolerate and be 'ok' with both interpretations should come as a surprise to people who pride themselves on keeping an open mind and not blindly following one scholar. Sister, the salafi-sufi thing is old and we really REALLY need to see beyond it. We really need to know how to deal with differences of opinion. Some muslims may not agree with you or me regarding something, does that mean we should then argue with them till death and ultimately ostracize and ridicule them to the point where we force them to separate from us? Is this not what many salafi's accuse the blind followers of madhabs of doing? Is that the way to go about solving our differences? Do we REALLY want to be divided in camps that cant tolerate one another, or do we want to unite under the banner of Islam and tolerate/educate one another with love and mercy?

I love a muslim because he/she has been given the divine favor by having the kalimah imprinted upon his/her heart. Muslims are chosen by Allah, Glorious and Exalted, to be Muslims. It is no small thing--and neither is His love and protection of those who He has chosen.

I would rather be ruled by a Muslim whose interpretation I dont fully agree with than be ruled by kaafirs. The reason I have not had a problem in the past considering salafi-minded men for marriage, is because it is understood from the get-go that I will listen to everyone and evaluate everyone's arguments but will not tolerate having myself labelled or confined. Nor will I do that to my husband. Now if I had any problems with salafis I THINK it would extend to the marriage area but it hasnt alhamdulillah.

Its funny how people think they know an individual's views better than that individual knows them, and feel that they have the right to publicly label them. That is a very dangerous guessing game to be playing with a Muslim's reputation.

I respect everyone's right to come to their own conclusions and have no desire to 'trick' them into believing one thing or another. My 'public' views are that of unity and tolerance. My 'private' views dont matter but I assure you, I have more of a desire to see people come to educated conclusions than to see them fall into any school of thought by default. I want people to think. I want people to question. And I want people to have understanding and respect for one another. If I ever mention a certain scholar/institute it is purely in order to attempt to slightly 'balance' the views (though rest assured, they still arent balanced) so that we dont ostracize and alienate a bunch of readers. I dont want Hidaya to seem biased and I want us to attract (and RETAIN) readers with different views and backgrounds. If we want our voice and views to be heard by the people we dont agree with, we must try not to alienate them...otherwise we close ourselves off and end up just "preaching to the choir".

...which is fine if the agenda is 'salafist/sufi patriotism', but quite dangerous if the agenda is muslim unity....

I remember someone on the AlMaghrib forums suggesting a while back that there should be an event co-sponsored by both AlMaghrib AND Zaytuna on a common ground topic. I remember that that suggestion just brought the HUGEST grin to my face because in my head I was thinking "woooww, MUSLIMS united! We could take over the planet."

And in summation, that sister, is how I feel and what I believe from the depths of my soul to the tip of my pen.

Always loving you for the sake of your being Muslim,
J
WasalaamuAlaikum

on December 8, 2004 4:10 AM
Justoju said

"and to this day I have not had a discussion complete with someone who believed in following one madhab to the letter and I would like to know about it"

I dont think I would be able to answer that question since I personally dont believe that we need to follow one madhab to the letter. The complicated part about your question is that the'educated' madhabis I have come across and debated dont believe in following one madhab to the letter. I realized that after speaking with some maliki, shafii, and hanafi fiqh scholars (btw, does anyone know of any hanbali scholars in our area? I really have a list of questions I would like to ask them). So I dont know how or where you will find someone who is educated enough about madhabs to be able to have an actual intelligent conversation with you, yet not educated enough to know that the madhabs themselves dont advocate the blind following of one alone.

The following should be of interest...
"Choosing and Picking from madhabs"
http://www.sunnipath.com/resources/Questions/qa00004072.aspx

on December 8, 2004 4:26 AM
Justoju said

And for anyone who thinks my last few posts were a bit too 'masaala-ey', take a moment to scroll to the top of this page and look at what the topic of the article is. Then read the discussion that ensued. We are all playing with masaala here.

dang, you all know how hard it is to get the smell of masaala out of your clothes?...

on December 8, 2004 4:34 AM
gillette said

salafis are the closest things to hanbalis today.

on December 8, 2004 7:11 AM
Humayun said

Asalamalikom,

I really didnt intend to involve myself in this discussion but I really couldnt help but saying soemthing when I read this......

Sisters..... please please for the sake of Allah (swt) stop causing animosity and division amongst yourselves.... You guys may say that we're just having a discussion and there is no
hate in our hearts.... but the aura I get from this conversation is that there definetly seems to be some heat. Is talking about the 'Salafi-sufi' going to bring us close to Allah (swt)?

Many people think that by attaching yourselves to a label will save them on the Day of Judgement, if they think so, Produce your proof! As for the name Salafi, it may be technically correct to use, but its best is avoided because certain connoations have been attahched to that name and the fact of the matter is Allah (swt) has only gave us the best title of being called a Muslim.

Sister Ibtisam , trust me, calling yourself "Salafi" may seem right but even many of the big shuyukhs of Saudi dont attach this label to them. This label is being propogated by many young and unfortuantely immature callers who have very little knowledge of the Quraan and Sunnah. Please click on the link below as it will direct you to the transcript of a speech given by Sheikh Uthaymeen (rahimullah) who was considered one of the biggest "Salafi" scholars of our time.

http://www.islaam.com/Article.aspx?id=505

I hope I didnt cause any fitnah....
Walikomaslaam

on December 8, 2004 7:29 AM
Justoju said

I agree with Brother Humayun.

So come everybody, lets stop this fitna and go post some more on my marriage considerations article.

on December 8, 2004 12:42 PM
Justoju (in reply to Br. Hassan's post) said

The practicing modern-day 'hanbalis' that I know of (who make an effort to differentiate the hanbali school of thought from the salafist school of thought) really like and reccommend the following website.

"Hanbali Text Society"
http://212.67.202.62/~security/htspub/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1

Its really interesting to me that Sheikh Hamza Yusuf's primary teacher in Mauritania, Sheikh Muraabit Al Haaj, is a hardcore hanbali.

(Quick bio according to hanbali sources)
Imaam Muraabit al-Haaj

Most certainly, if he is not THE Shaikh ul-Islam of the age, then he most assuredly should be classed as one of them and one of the major Imaams of the Muslims. Born and raised in the West African country of Mauritania, he completed his schooling in the 18 sciences of the Shari`a at an early age. His hard work in memorising the Quran resulted in him knowing all ten variants in addition to the six sahih collections and their variations. His school in Mauritania, where the now 95 year-old sage still teaches from to this day, has had some more than 30,000 qaadis and muftis pass through it over the years. He is one great `aalim of the age and we ask that Allah cause us to benefit from his rank.

Ok, NOW LETS GO POST ON MARRIAGE! YAY!
GOOOOO MARRIAGE!

on December 8, 2004 1:16 PM
Talal said

Alhamdulillah that the topic of the last few comments was dealt with in a mashaAllah adab-ified way... but let that be the end of it.

You have more to say? Take it offline or to emails.

on December 8, 2004 1:59 PM
Ibitsam said

Apparently, I requested that the discussion be btw myself and justoju only and via email.
I am sorry my request was not honored and I am sorry it caused such an uproar, although I explicitly made it clear that I wanted it to be done via email.
Allaah ma'akum

on December 9, 2004 1:36 PM
Justoju said

Sister, you posted your comments regarding my views in a public forum (choosing it instead of email), so I posted my response in public as well. A public accusation (of chalaakness :) )deserves a public defense dont you think? Its only fair.

I understand that you might not have wanted to email because I am a slacker when it comes to email replies, but I dont see the urgency in this question--there would not have been any harm 'even if' I had taken a long time to reply.

InshaAllah I hope I was able to answer your questions. If you have any further questions, feel free to email me. I will 'eventually' respond inshaAllah. Maybe after finals, but it will happen. Just keep in mind that I am categorically opposed to answering any question that deals with a personal 'human' detail (like if I have any relatives on Hidaya). If you want to use the answers to these personal questions to make a 'point', I suggest you just skip forward to the point and state it directly. The sisters that have been able to figure out who I am have done so without any help from me. I dont really want to give out any more personal details than escape in my writing, and the stuff I 'DO' give out (like 'beta') is not anything that can be connected specifically with me.

Anyway, take care and be safe,
WasalaamuAlaikum

on December 9, 2004 1:59 PM
Rami said

Asalaam Aleikum Warahmatullah Wabarkatu,

It would in my opinion be a great loss if any of our 'anonymous' brothers & sisters stopped contibuting for fear of exposure of their identities. Are not the ideas contributed and the knowledge gained more valuable than the satisfaction of personal curiosity?

Waslaam Warahmatullah Wabarakatu

on December 9, 2004 2:48 PM
Muhsin said

Salaamun Alaikum, From Islamqa: Shiekh Saalih Al-Munajjid's website:
Enuff said:

Ruling on the celebration of al-Mawlid
(the Prophets Birthday)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Praise be to Allaah, alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, his companions, and whoever follows his guidance.

Many people have asked about the ruling concerning celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), standing up for him, sending salaam (greetings) upon him and reading soorahs from the Quraan during such celebrations, holding gatherings of dhikr, doing various things to show their joy, reciting qaseedahs and poems, and other things that are done to commemorate Mawlid which many people celebrate on the 12th day of Rabee al-Awwal each Hijri year.

The answer is that it is not permitted to celebrate the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), or the birthday of any other person, because this is a matter that has been innovated in the religion. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not do this, neither did his successors, the Rightly-Guided Khaleefahs (al-khulafaa al-raashidoon), or others among his Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them), or those who followed them exactly (in faith) during the best centuries these are the people who had the best knowledge of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who loved him the most and followed the shareeah most perfectly, better than any who came after them. It is proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), will have it rejected i.e., it will be thrown back at him. In another hadeeth, he said: I advise you to adhere to my sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided successors (al-khulafaa al-raashidoon) who will come after me, and to cling stubbornly to it. Beware of newly-invented things (in religion), for every newly-invented thing is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray. These two ahaadeeth contain a very stern warning against coming up with innovations (bidah) and acting on them. Allaah says in His clear Book (interpretation of the meaning) :

And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it [al-Hashr 59:7]

And let those who oppose the Messengers commandment beware, lest some fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, etc.) befall them, or a painful torment be inflicted on them. [al-Noor 24:63]

Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day and remembers Allaah much. [al-Ahzaab 33:21]

And the first to embrace Islam of the muhaajiroon (those who migrated to Madeenah from Makkah) and the Ansaar (the citizens of Madeenah who helped and gave aid to the muhaajiroon), and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allaah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success. [al-Tawbah 9:100]

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion [al-Maaidah 5:3]

There are many other aayaat which convey the same meaning. Innovating things like Mawlid could be interpreted as meaning that Allaah did not complete the religion for this ummah, that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) failed to convey to this ummah all that they should do, until those people came along later and innovated in the religion things that Allaah had not permitted, claiming that these were things that would bring them closer to Allaah. Without a doubt, this is a very serious matter, which indicates opposition and resistance towards Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allaah has perfected the religion for His slaves and completed His favour upon them. The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has conveyed the Message clearly, and there is no way of reaching Paradise and avoiding Hell that he has not explained to his ummah, as is clear from the saheeh hadeeth narrated by Abd-Allaah ibn Amr (may Allaah be pleased with them both), in which the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Allaah has not sent any prophet but it was his duty to point out to his ummah the best of what he knew, and to warn them against the worst of what he knows. (Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh). It is well known that our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the best and the Seal of the Prophets, the most eloquent and the most sincere in advice. If celebrating his birthday had been a part of the religion which Allaah liked, His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have told his ummah about it, and he would have done it during his lifetime, or his Companions would have done it. Since nothing of the sort happened, we know that this is not part of Islam at all, rather it is one of the innovations about which the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned his ummah, as stated in the two ahaadeeth quoted above. Other ahaadeeth also convey the same meaning, such as the words spoken by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in his Friday sermons: The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The most evil of things are those which are newly-invented (in religion), and every innovation is a going astray. (Reported by Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh).

There are many aayaat and ahaadeeth which say the same thing. A group of scholars have condemned the practice of celebrating the Prophets birthday and warned against it, in accordance with the evidence quoted above and other texts. Some of the later scholars went against this and allowed these celebrations as long as they did not involve anything forbidden such as exaggerating about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), mixing between men and women, musical instruments, etc. They thought that this was a kind of bidah hasanah (good innovation). But the rule is to refer disputed matters to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger, and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allaah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. [al-Nisaa 4:59]

So, let us refer this matter, celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), to the Book of Allaah. We find that the Quraan commands us to follow the Messenger in that which he has brought to us, and warns us to shun that which he has forbidden, and it tells us that the religion (Islam) has been completed and perfected for this ummah. This celebration is not a part of that which the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) brought, so it is not a part of this religion which Allaah has perfected for us and in which He has commanded us to follow his Messenger. Let us also refer this matter to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): we will find that he did not do this, or command others to do it, and his Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not do it either. So it is not part of the religion; it is a newly-invented innovation, and an imitation of the Jews and Christians in their festivals. So it should be clear to anyone who has the slightest common sense, sincere desire for the truth and open-mindedness, that celebrating the birthday of the Prophet is not a part of Islam; it is an innovation, which Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned us against and told us to shun. A wise person should not be swayed by the fact that so many people all over the world do this. Truth is not known by how many people follow it; it is known through the evidence of shareeah, as Allaah says of the Jews and Christians (interpretation of the meaning):

And they say: None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Produce your proof, if you are truthful. [al-Baqarah 2:111]

And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allaahs path. They follow nothing but conjectures, and they do nothing but lie. [al-Anaam 6:116]

Most of these mawlid celebrations, besides being bidah, are also not free from other sinful practices, such as the mixing of men and women, use of songs and musical instruments, consumption of alcohol and other intoxicants, and other evils. They could even involve something worse, which is al-shirk al-akbar, in the form of exaggeration about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or other awliyaa (so-called saints). They may even pray to him, calling out for his help and support, claiming that he knows the Unseen, and other forms of kufr which many people indulge in when they celebrate the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or others whom they call awliyaa.

In a saheeh hadeeth, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Beware of going to extremes in religion, for those who came before you were destroyed by their going to extremes in religion. He also said: Do not exaggerate about me as the Christians exaggerated about the son of Maryam. I am only a slave, so say the slave and Messenger of Allaah. (Reported by al-Bukhaari in his Saheeh from the hadeeth of Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him). It is most strange indeed that many people make huge efforts to attend these innovated gatherings and to defend them, when they do not do this in the case of the duties that have been enjoined on them like attending Jumuah (Friday) prayers and prayers in congregation; they do not care about these duties and do not think that they are doing anything wrong. There is no doubt that this is due to weakness of faith, lack of understanding and the effects of sins piling up on one's heart. We ask Allaah to keep us and all the Muslims safe from that.

Some of them think that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) actually attends the mawlid celebration, so they stand up to greet and welcome him. This is a serious falsehood and a form of gross ignorance. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) will not come out of his grave, or contact anybody, or attend any gatherings. He will remain in his grave until the Day of Resurrection, and his soul is in the highest Illiyoon (in Paradise), with his Lord in the abode of honour, as Allaah says in Soorat al-Muminoon (interpretation of the meaning): After that, surely, you will die. Then (again), surely, you will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection [al-Muminoon 23:15].

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: I will be the first whose grave will be opened on the Day of Resurrection, and I will be the first to intercede and the first to be asked to intercede. May Allaah bless him and grant him peace. This aayah and hadeeth, and others that say the same thing, all indicate that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and everyone else who has died will only emerge from their graves on the Day of Resurrection. This is something on which all the Muslim scholars agree; there is no controversy here. Every Muslim should pay attention to these matters and be careful to avoid the innovations and illusions introduced with no authority from Allaah by those who are ignorant. Allaah is the One whom we ask for help, and in Him we put our trust. There is no power and no strength except with Him.

Sending prayers and blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is one of the righteous deeds that bring a person closer to Allaah, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): Allaah sends His Salaat (blessings, etc.) on the Prophet and His angels also (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your salaat on him (ask Allaah to bless him) and greet him with the Islamic way of greeting (i.e., al-salaamu alaykum). [al-Ahzaab 33:56]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever sends one blessing on me, Allaah will send ten on him. This sending of blessings is recommended on all occasions, and is prescribed at the end of every prayer indeed, according to all scholars, it is obligatory in the final tashahhud of every salaah (prayer), and it is sunnah muakkadah (confirmed sunnah) on a number of other occasions, such as after the adhaan, when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is mentioned, and during the day and night of Jumuah (i.e. from maghrib on Thursday until maghrib on Friday), as is indicated in a number of ahaadeeth.

We ask Allaah to help us and all the Muslims to understand His religion and adhere to it, to bless us all by making us follow the Sunnah, and to protect us from bidah, for He is the Most Kind and Generous. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions.

on January 8, 2005 9:51 PM
Abu Hameedullah said

There is not much point to posting these articles, because we can go on arguing forever. You can find articles on both sides. For example:

THE PERMISSIBILITY OF CELEBRATING THE MEELAD-UN NABI (saw)
IN REFUTATION OF THE FATWA OF SHEIKH ABDUL AZIZ BIN BAAZ OF SAUDI ARABIA
The Sunni Muslim community should be fully aware and forewarned of the new fitna presently perpetrated by the Jamiatul Ulama (KwaZulu Natal) and the Jamiatul Ulama (Transvaal) on the Internet regarding the issue of an old Fatwa against Eid-e-Meelad-un Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) by "Sheikh" Abdul Aziz bin Baaz of Saudi Arabia. The Fatawa of such like must be met with the fiercest of opposition and open condemnation from all circles.

This Fatwa was obviously instituted on the Internet, which is accessed by thousands of computer users, by these "theological" bodies as a flagrant attack on the Imaan and Aqeeda of Sunni Muslims or the righteous followers of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah, of whose beliefs and teachings the majority of Muslims the world over ascribe to.

Muslims must also take cognizance of the fact that Bin Baaz of the Saudi Government is not fulfilling his duty in his own country in issuing Fatawa against the evil practices of the Saudi Royal Family, such as gambling, horseracing, etc. Should this not be his first duty as the Head of Department of Islamic Researches Ifta and Propagation?

According to a great Muhaddith, Shams ad-Din Muhammad as-Sahawi (d.902 A.H.), the assembling for Meelad in Muslim history began in the 3rd Century A.H., but Ibn Taymiya (d.728 A.H.), almost five centuries later, was the first to begin argumentation and contention against this practice.

In conformity with Ibn Taymiya's beliefs and views which are incompatible with the beliefs of Islam, Bin Baaz, until a few years ago, publicised his condemnation of Meelad-un Nabi by publishing a Fatwa. This Fatwa was met with strong disapproval and displeasure in the Muslim world which regards the celebration of Meelad-un Nabi as a beneficial and desirous act.

In opposition and reply to Sheikh Bin Baaz' Fatwa, the distinguished Arab Scholar, Sheikh Sayyid Alawi Maliki, who is an Ustaz of Hadith in the Haram Shareef in Makkah, produced a clear, decisive and well-supported argument in Arabic on the permissibility of Meelad-un Nabi. Sheikh Sayyid Alawi, in his book "Holal Ihtefaal Bezikra-al Moulidin Nabawee al-Shareef" raised some very serious questions to Bin Baaz. He questioned Bin Baaz about his views on the innovations which are being practised "here" (in the Haram Shareef) and which were never practised before, neither in the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) time, nor in the period of the Sahaba-Ikraam or of the Salf-e-Saleheen (ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in). The practices, which Sheikh Alawi mentioned were those such as:

1. THE FORMING OF A CONGREGATION TO PERFORM TAHAJJUD SALAAH BEHIND AN IMAAM.

2. THE RECITATION OF DU'A AFTER THE QURAN HAS BEEN COMPLETED AT THE END OF RAMADAAN IN TARAWEEH PRAYER.

3. THE GATHERING OF PEOPLE ON THE 27TH OF RAMADAAN AT TAHAJJUD WHERE THE IMAAM DELIVERS A SERMON.

4. THE CALL OF THE MUEZZIN BY SAYING "SALAATUL QIYAAM ATHABAKUMULLAH."

Muslims, however, must realise that the Ulema have accepted such practices as Bid'ah, but Bid'ah-e-Hasanah.

Also in opposition to Sheikh Bin Baaz' Fatwa, Sheikh Sayed Hashim al-Rifa'ie of Kuwait produced a lengthy Fatwa on the permissibility of Meelad-un Nabi celebrations which triggered off a tremendous increase in Meelad-un Nabi celebrations amongst the Arab populations of the cities of Makkah, Madinah, Jeddah, Ta'if, etc. and in the Gulf States.

An academic scholar, Sheikh Dr. Muhammad Abduhu Yamani, the Director of Darul Qibla Institute in Jeddah, who was also the ex-Minister of Information till 1983, and a renowned author in both the Arabic and English languages, recently on the occasion of Meelad-un Nabi celebration had written a detailed essay entitled "Assalatu Wassalaamu Alaika Ya Rasoollallah," which was published in the daily newspaper "Ash Sharqul Ausat." This article was published on the 12th of Rabbi-ul-Awwal in 1987, page 12 of this popular newspaper.

His very constructive essay, full of proofs, was well received by the Arabs, and Alhamdulillah, today there is a massive silent movement, known as "Irji'oo Ila Rasoolillah" or "Return to Rasoolullah", in progress. This is a clear reflection and indication that the Arab Muslims have become fully aware of the evils of the Wahabi beliefs and have now turned to reinstating the love of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as the foundation stone of their Imaan.

At the present moment, the Saudi capital in Riyadh has published a 300 page book titled "Al Deobandiyah" written by Sheik Tuwaijeeri which exposes, with proof, the corrupt beliefs of the Ulema of Deoband and how they deviated from Islam on the basis of Aqaa'id. The issue regarding Meelad-un Nabi had always attracted disagreement from some quarters of the Ulema fraternity. Almost 600 years ago Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (b.911 A.H.) had written a treatise on Meelad-un Nabi called "Hasnul Maqsid Fi Amalil Maulid" in which he stated that such a celebration is certainly permissible and Mustahab. In fact, so much has been written on this subject in various languages that there are abundant books to complete a library. Inspite of this, a specific group have always opposed this celebration and had no further proof to offer in support of their argument, other than saying that it is a Bid'ah.

For centuries, the Ulema-e-Deen have been produced the Shar'i definition of Bid'ah as an innovation which can be good or bad (Sai'yah or Hasanah). Meelad-un Nabi has been identified as Bid'ah Hasanah, in the same manner as the application of I'raab (Use of zabbar, zehr, pesh, etc.) in the Holy Quran, and the performance of Taraweeh Salaah; in the same manner as the construction of places of learning, e.g. Darul Ulooms, etc. for dissemination of education; in the same manner as Dastaar Bandi which is held on completion of Islamic courses; and the graduation ceremonies which are held on completion of Bukhari Shareef, etc. in Darul Ulooms. This actions were never practised before, neither in the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) time, nor in the period of the Sahaba-Ikraam or of the Salf-e-Saleheen.

If one has to take the literal meaning of the word "Bid'ah" and abandon or discard the Shar'i meaning, then the Ij'tima for Tableegi purposes will be Bid'ah; the making of Ghusht will be Bid'ah; engaging in Chilla would be Bid'ah; publication of books would be Bid'ah, etc. - all of which would be classed as detestable in the extreme. However, such application of the literal meaning of "Bid'ah" cannot be found the entire period of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), neither can it be found in the period of the Sahabah, nor in the period of Taba'i (ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in).

We wish to close this article by quoting to you a few authentic books from the thousands available written in earlier centuries by very renowned Ulama and Muhadditheen of that period on the permissibility of the celebrations of Meelad-un Nabi. These books are:

1. Al Mouridil Raweefil Maulideena Nabawee by Imam Mulla Ali Qari

2. At-Ta'rif bi 'l-Mawlidi 'sh-Sharif by Ibn Asir Muhammad al-Jazri (d.833 A.H.)

3. Jameeul Aasaar fee Maulidin Nabeeul Muqhthar by Imam Hafiz bin Nasirudeen Damishqi

4. Al Fazlur Raaiq fee Mauludi Khairul Khalaaik by Imam Hafiz bin Nasirudeen Damishqi

5. Maurid Al Saadi fi Maulidil Haadi by Imam Hafiz bin Nasirudeen Damishqi

6. Al Mouludil Hanni fil Mauludis Sanni by Imam Hafiz Iraqi (b.720 - d.808 A.H.)

7. An Ne'matul Kubra by Imam Ibne Hajjar

8. Hasanul Maqsid by Imam Hafiz Jalal ad-Din Suyuti

9. Meelad-ul Mustapha by Imam Ibne Kathir

10. Bayanu Meeladin Nabi by Imam Ibn Jawzi

11. Jami al-Asar fi Mawlidi 'l-Muhtar by ibn Nasir ad-din ad-Dimishki

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE

All praise is due to Allah who has guided us to follow the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), the leader of the Messengers; who has granted us the capacity to remain steadfast on the pillars and essential principles of Deen Al-Islam; who has made it easy for us to follow the footsteps and way of our pious predecessors, to the extent that our hearts have been illuminated with the knowledge of the Shari'ah and the conclusive argument in favour of the evident truth; and who has kept our internal souls free from the contamination of falsehood.

We praise and thank Him for having blessed us with the light of certainty, and for having granted us strength and courage to continuously hold fast to His strong rope. These favours are all out of His Bounty and Grace. We testify that there is no deity besides Almighty Allah, who is alone, and has no partner or associates, and that, without doubt, our Beloved Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the Servant and Messenger of Allah, the Leader of those who are first and those who are last. May Allah send His Salaams and Blessings upon him (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), his Household and Progeny, his Companions and those who follow their path until the Day of Judgement (ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in).

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says in the Holy Qur'an: "O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and (always) say a word directed to the Right".

Allah's Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: "Whoever believes in Allah and the Hereafter should either say what is good, or otherwise remain silent".

It is every Muslim's duty to show people the truth in anticipation that they would follow it clearly and evidently and certainly not blindly. For truth is as clear as the sun in broad daylight. This brief introduction is due to what we have been hearing recently, as far as the celebration of the birthday of our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is concerned. Falsehood is regretabally attributed to such a noble event and mischief is stated as to the illegitimacy of celebrating such an esteemed occasion. Thus leaving ordinary people in a state of confusion not knowing whether they should partake in celebrating the event or otherwise. This is so, since the people who raise objection to the Meelad feel that they are at liberty to fabricate events in Islamic history and the traditions of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

Therefore, we felt that it is incumbent upon us, and upon those who possess knowledge of Shari'ah, to clearly explain to the Muslim masses the truth about Meelad.

PART ONE

IGNORANCE AND LITTLE KNOWLEDGE

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: "Whoever brings forth an innovation into our religion which is not part of it, it is rejected".

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) also said: "Beware of inventive matters for every invention is an innovation and every innovation is evil".

Those who quote these two Ahadith claim that the word "Kul" which means "EVERY" or "ALL" which is mentioned in the above two Ahadith is used to include everything, i.e. all kinds of innovations or "Bid'ah" without any exception. They conclude therefore, that all innovations are "EVIL".

By stating such an ill-fated statement, they have in fact accused the scholars (ULAMA) of the Muslim World of committing "EVIL" innovations, particularly Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu). However, they quickly respond and say: No, we did not mean the Companions (SAHABA IKRAAM). In reply to that we say, yes, indeed you did so, because you said "EVERY" or "ALL" innovations are "EVIL".

And you have rejected what the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself approved, i.e."Tarawih Prayers".

We will now quote before you many actions which were not carried out during the life of Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) but were in fact done following his demise by his Companions (ridwanullahi ta'ala ajma'in).

1. THE ISSUE OF COMPILING THE QUR'AN IN ONE BOOK

Hadrat Zaid bin Thabit (radi Allahu anhu) said: Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had passed away and the Qur'an has not been compiled into one book! In fact, it was Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) who told Hadrat Abu-Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) to collect the Qur'an. Hadrat Abu-Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was hesitant at first and he actually said, "How could we do something which the Prophet himself never did". Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) replied, "BUT BY ALLAH IT IS A GOOD THING". Hadrat Zaid (radi Allahu anhu) then said Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) kept coming back and forth until Hadrat Abu-Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) sent after him and assigned him the task of compiling the Qur'an. (Bukhari Shareef)

2. PROPHET IBRAHIM'S STATION (FOOTPRINT).

Imam Baihaqi said that Bibi Ayesha (radi Allahu anha), a wife of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that Prophet Ibrahim's Station (Footprint) was attached to "KAABA" during the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and Abu-Bakr's (radi Allahu anhu) time. It was not until the time of Hazrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) who changed its original position. Ibn Hajar, the great Muhaddith said: None of the companions raised any objection against Hazrat Umar (radi Allahu anhu) for doing so and he was the first person to cover Prophet Ibrahim's Station (Footprint) in the state it is now.

3. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SECOND AZAAN DURING FRIDAY PRAYER

Imam Baihaqi narrated that Sayyiduna Al-Saa'eb bin Zaid (radi Allahu anhu) said: The first call (AZAAN) for Friday Prayer commenced when the Imam sat on the Pulpit (MIMBAR). This was the practice during the Prophet's, (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) Hazrat Abu-Bakr's and Hazrat Umar's time. But when Hazrat Uthman (radi Allahu anhuma) came, he introduced the second Azaan.

4. SENDING PRAISE AND SALAAMS UPON THE PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM)

This was first introduced by Hazrat Ali (radi Allahu anhu) and he used to teach it to people of his time. Ibn Jabir mentioned that in his book called "Tah'theeb Al-Aa'thar" so did Imam Tabari, Ibi Assem and Yaqoub bin Shaibah.

5. THE ADDITION MADE BY IBN MASOUD TO TASHA'HUD

Imam Tabari said that Ibn Masoud use to read after saying "As Salaam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakaatuhu", "As Salaam Alaina Min Rabenna" (Peace be upon us from our Lord).

6. THE INTRODUCTION OF READING "BISMILLAH AL-RAHMAN AL-RAHIM" BEFORE COMMENCING TASHA'HUD.

Bukhari and Muslim both narrated that Ibn Umar use to read "Bimillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim" before Tasha'hud.

All the above Companions have in fact introduced innovations which they have deemed beneficial and which were not practised during the life of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Hence, that these innovations where brought about in acts of worship! What then would you say about these renowned Companions? Are they going to be classified among those who practise "EVIL" innovations!

As for their (Bin Baaz, etc.) other statement which is even worse that the first one, where it is alleged by them that in the religion of Islam there is no such thing as "Good Innovation" or "BID'AH". Let us quote the opinion of the most renowned scholars of Islam regarding this issue.

1. Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Nawawi said in Vol.6, p.21 in his "Commentary on Sahih Al-Bukhari": What the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) meant when he said "EVERY" or "ALL" innovations, is that it is general but restricted, i.e. that most innovations are "EVIL" but not "ALL". In "Tahdhib Al-Asma wal Lugat" Bid'ah is explained as follows:

"Bid'ah in Shari'ah is the invention of that which was not there in the period of the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), and it is divided into two categories HASANAH (or good) and QABIHAH (or evil)".

2. Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani who explained Sahih Al-Bukhari said: "Every action which was not in practice at the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) time is called or known as Innovation, however, there are those which are classified as 'Good' and there are those which are contrary to that".

3. Imam Abu-Na'im said that he heard Imam Ibrahim Al-Junaid say that he heard Imam Shafi'i (radi Allahu anhuma) say: "The new things that are brought about are two kinds. One kind is that which brought about, inconsistent with something in the Qur'an or the Sunnah or with some Athaar or I'jma. This the category of BID'AH DALALAH (heretic innovation). The second kind is that which is brought about from good things which are consistent with any of the above".

4. Imam of Imams Izzuddin Ibn Abd al-Salaam writes in his book "Al-Qawa'aid": "Bid'ah is divided into Wajib, Haram, Mandub, Makruh and Mabah. And the way to know which category it belongs to, is to examine it together with the laws of Shari'ah. If it falls in with the laws that deal with what is Wajib, then it is Wajib. If with those laws that deal with Haram, then it is Haram. If with the laws dealing with what is Mandub, then it is Mandub. If with the laws dealing with what is Makruh, then it is Makruh. If with the laws dealing with what is Mubah, then it is Mubah".

Following the examination of the statements of these highly renowned scholars of Islam, we ask: How is it then that what is alleged that the word "Kul" or "EVERY" includes all kinds of innovations or "Bid'ah" regardless? And where in the religion of Islam is it stated that there is no "Good Bid'ah" or "good innovation". Hence, the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has said: "Whoever introduces a good innovation into the religion of Islam, will be granted due reward for it and the reward of those who acts upon it without any reduction in their deeds".

From this hadith we find that every Muslim is entitled to introduce a "good Bid'ah or innovation" as long as it conforms with the test mentioned earlier, even though the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not do it, preach it or practice, in order that he/she could increase the deeds of goodness and rewards.

PART TWO

THE BEGINNING OF THE CELEBRATION OF MEELAD SHAREEF

As we all know as matter of fact, that when ever people want to promote and advance their ways, they pave the way to spread their falsehood among the Muslims masses and those who have very limited knowledge by misquoting what the Imams of Islam have stated or written. It is alleged by those people who disagree with Meelad that Imam Ibn Kathir stated in his book "Al-Bi'dayah Wa Ni'hayah" in Vol.11, p. 172 the following: "It was the Fatimy Government which ruled Egypt from 357-567 who was responsible for the celebration of Meelad".

We say in reply to the above that after having consulted the above reference we found that it was a sheer lie, for we read that page and we found that the above is but allegations, deceit and dishonesty when quoting the renowned scholars of Islam. However, if they insist on the above, we demand that they produce it before us if there is any truth in what they allege!

Allow me now to quote before you what Imam Ibn Kathir has actually said in the same book "Al-Bi'dayah" Vol.13, p. 136: "Sultan Muzaffar used to arrange the celebration of the Meelad Shareef with honour, glory, dignity and grandeur. In this connection he used to organise a magnificent festival". Then he said in praise of that man: "He was a pure-hearted, brave and wise Aalim (Scholar) and a just ruler, may Allah shower His Mercy upon him and grant him an exalted status."

Shaikh Abu-Khattab Ibn Dihyah also wrote a book for him on the Meelad Shareef entitled "Enlightenment on the Birthday of the Bearer of Good News, the Warner". For this book Sultan Muzaffar awarded him a gift of one thousand Dinars. He then said: "Every year his expenditure on the Meelad Shareef amounted to three hundred thousand Dinars".

Examine carefully, dear brother/sister, such praise which has been conferred by Ibn Kathir upon that man, where he described him as "a wise Aalim, brave and pure-hearted" and then concluded by saying "may Allah shower his Mercy upon him and grant him an exalted status". He did not say he was a corrupt or evil, he did not say he was committing "Bid'ah" or deeds which leads a person to be doomed, as it is alleged by those who reject the celebration of Meelad Shareef.

I refer you to that very reference which has been quoted to read further for yourselves what Imam Ibn Kathir has added in praise of this Sultan.

I would strongly recommend as well that you consult what Imam Zahabi in his book "Biography of the Elites", Vol. 22, p. 336 has said in description of this Sultan: "Sultan Al-Muzaffar was humble, generous, follower of the Prophet's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) way and he liked the scholars and narrators of Hadith".

POINT TWO

VIEWPOINT OF THE IMAMS OF THE MUSLIM UMMAH ON THE

CELEBRATION OF MEELAD SHAREEF

1. Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Suyuti in his famous book "Al-Hawii Lil-Fatawii" allocated a special chapter on that topic and named it "The Excellence of Objective in Celebrating the Mawlid" where he said: The question under consideration is what the verdict of the Shari'ah on celebrating the Holy Birthday of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) during the month of Rabbi-ul-Awwal. From the point of view of Shari'ah is this a praiseworthy action or a blameworthy one? And do those who arrange such celebration receive blessings or not?

He said: "The reply to this question is that in my view the Meelad Shareef (Celebration of the Birthday of the Noble Prophet sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is in fact such an occasion of happiness on which people assemble and recite the Holy Qu'ran to the extent that is easy. Then they relate the prophecies concerning the appearance of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) that have been transmitted in Ahadith and Athar, and the miraculous events and signs that took place on his birth. Then food is set before them and according to their desire they partake thereof to satisfaction. This festival of celebrating the birthday of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a Bid'ah Hasanah (good innovation) and those arranging it will get blessing, since in such a celebration is found the expression of joy and happiness at the greatness and eminence of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and his birth".

2. Even Ibn Tay'miah said in his book "Necessity of the Right Path", p. 266, 5th line from the bottom of that page, published by Dar Al-Hadith, the following: "As far as what people do during the Meelad, either as a rival celebration to that which the Christian do during the time of Christ's birthday or as an expression of their love and admiration and a sign of praise for the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Allah will surely reward them for such Ij'tiha". He then said: "Although Meelad was not practised by (Salaf), they should have done so since there was no objection against it from the Shari'ah point of view".

And we certainly only celebrate Meelad out of love and admiration to the Prophet of all Mankind.

3. Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar was asked, same reference of Imam Suyuti, about Meelad Shareef. His reply was: "Meelad Shareef is, in fact, and innovation, which was not transmitted from any pious predecessor in the first three centuries. Nevertheless, both acts of virtue as well as acts of abomination are found in it (i.e. sometimes acts of virtue are found therein and sometimes acts of abomination). If in the Meelad Shareef only acts of virtue are done and acts of abomination are abstained from, then the Meelad Shareef is a Bid'ah Hasanah (good innovation), otherwise not." He then added "... to do any virtuous act and to observe it annually as means of recollection for any special day on which Allah Ta'ala has bestowed any favour or removed any calamity is a form of showing gratitude to Allah. Gratitude to Allah Ta'ala is expressed through different kinds of Ibaadah (worship) -prostration and standing in prayer, charity and recitation of the Holy Qu'ran. And what is a greater favour from Allah can there be than the appearance of the Prophet of Mercy (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) on this day (i.e. 12th of Rabbi-ul-Awwal)?"

Some people do not limit it and celebrate the Meelad Shareef on any day of Rabbi-ul-Awwal. Nay, some people have extended it even more and increased the period to the whole year. According to the latter, the Meelad Shareef can be celebrated on any day of the year. The objective here is the same, i.e. to rejoice at and celebrate the Holy Birth of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

4. Imam Abu-Bakr Abdullah Al-Demashqi compiled a number of books on the subject and called them "Collection of Traditions on the Birth of the Chosen Prophet", "The Pure Expression on the Birthday of the Best of Creations" and "The Spring for the Thirsty One on the Birth of the Rightly Guided".

5. Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Iraqi wrote a book and called it "The Pure Spring on the Sublime Birth".

6. Imam Ibn Dahyah wrote a book and called it "Enlightenment on the Birthday of the Bearer of Good News, The Warner".

7. Imam Mulla Ali Qari wrote a book and called it "The Quenching Spring on the Birthday of the Prophet".

8. Imam Shams Ul-Din bin Naser Al-Dumashqi, said in his book "The Spring for the Thirsty One on the Birth of the Rightly Guided" about the story of Abu Lahab that he will receive a light punishment every Monday for expressing joy at the birth of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) on that day. The Imam said the following verse of poetry, the translation of the above is:

If such Kafir was denounced in the (Qur'an)

And perished are his hands, and in the Flames is his eternal abode

It is narrated that every Monday

His torment is made easy for his Joy at the Birth of Ahmad

What is the expectation then of a servant who spent all his life

Happy with the Arrival of Ahmad and died on the Oneness of Allah.

9. Imam Shams Ul-Din Ibn aL-Jazri, the Imam of Reciters, wrote a book and named it "The Scent of Notification on the Blessed Birthday".

10. Imam Al-Hafiz Ibn Al-Jawzi, said in the description of Meelad: "Peace and Tranquillity takes over during that year and a good glad tiding to obtain your wish and inspiration".

11. Imam Abu-Shamah, The Sheik of Al Hafiz Al Nawawi, said: "The best of the innovations of our times is what is carried out on the day of corresponding to the birthday of our Beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), where people give out donations, practice what is right, express their joy and happiness, in doing so is surely a sign of love and admiration for the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)".

12. Imam Al-Hafiz Al-Qastalani, who gave commentary on Sahih Bukhari, said: "May Allah shower his Mercy upon a person who takes the days of the month of Rabbi-ul-Awwal, in which the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was born, as days of feast and celebration for doing so is the best cure for the heart of an ailing person."

Following all of the above, there is yet another false accusation, i.e. THOSE WHO OPPOSE MEELAD SHAREEF CLAIM THAT IF MEELAD WAS PART OF "DEEN", THEN SURELY THE PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) WOULD HAVE DONE IT HIMSELF AND HE WOULD HAVE MADE IT CLEAR FOR THE PEOPLE TO CELEBRATE IT?

THE REPLY IS:

Not everything which the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not do or his Companions would ultimately make things "HARAM". Since the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself said: "He who introduces a new good Sunnah in Islam will be rewarded for it ..."

Imam Shafi'i (radi Allahu anhu) said: "Anything which enjoys the backing of Shari'ah cannot be an innovation even if the Companions did not practice it, because their abstention from doing something may have been due to a particular reason which was there at that time, or they have left it to something which happens to be better, or perhaps news about a particular them did not reach them all".

Therefore, whosoever alleges that this thing is Haraam on the basis that the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not practice it, then surely he has alleged something which has no foundation or backing in Shari'ah and thus his allegation is refuted and rejected.

FINALLY

It should be noted that, according to your allegations you have stated, i.e. That every person who innovates or brings about into action that which the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) or the Companion did not do, means that this person has in fact introduced something bad into the religion, will be interpreted that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not fulfil "THE DEEN" for his "UMMAH" and the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not convey what was ought to be conveyed to the Muslims! and whoever believes in that is a "KAAFIR".

We say, "We condemn you from your own words", because you have brought and practised so many innovation which the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) or the Companions never practised nor preached, not even "SALAF" ever do them.

To name just a few and not all:

1. To gather collectively the Muslims to pray behind one Imam during "TARAWIH PRAYERS", at the two Sacred Mosques and other Mosques.

2. Reading the "DU'A" at the conclusion of finishing the recitation of the Holy Qur'an during "TARAWIH PRAYERS" and "TAHAJUD PRAYERS".

3. Allocating the 27th night of Ramadaan to recite the whole Quran at the two Sacred Mosques.

4. The Caller for Azaan saying when announcing to the people the commencement of the "TARAWIH PRAYERS" the following, "RAISE UP FOR TARAWIH PRAYERS, MAY ALLAH REWARD YOU".

5. Claiming that "TARAWIH PRAYERS OR DIVINITY" is divided into three Parts.

Is this a Prophetic saying, or the saying of one of the Companions or of the Four Imams? And many other things such as the formation of the committees for "ENJOYING WHAT IS RIGHT AND FORBIDDING WHAT IS EVIL", establishment of universities, Association for memorisation of the Holy Quran, Offices of Dawah and "SPECIAL WEEK OF MASHA'YEKH". Hence, we do not raise objections to these things since they are in place for serving Islam. Let us add that these things are all "BID'AH" but we acknowledge that they are "GOOD BID'AH".

REFUTATION OF THE FINAL OBJECTION?

It is alleged that since the Birthday of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the same as his demise, therefore, expressing joy on that day is no better than expressing grieve over his demise and if the religion of Islam was to be applied on the basis of one's opinion, then we are bound to show grief during this day and not happiness!

I will leave the rebut of such crooked argument to none other than Imam Suyuti himself, where he said in his famous book "Al-Hawaii Lil-Fatawii", p. 193, the following: "The birthday of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the greatest favour of Allah granted to us, and that his demise is the greatest affliction for us. However, Shari'ah has encouraged us to show gratitude for favours and has taught us to observe patient perserverence, silence and calm in the face of afflictions. The Shari'ah has ordered us to offer "AQIQAH" on the birth of a child. But the Shari'ah has not ordered us to sacrifice an animal on the death of someone nor to do such action. On the contrary, it has prohibited wailing and lamentation. Thus, the laws of Shari'ah indicate that to exhibit happiness in this Holy month in connection with the birth of the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), is better than showing grief at his demise."

CONCLUSION

The Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) foretold about the coming of such people in the Hadith narrated by "Abu-Yaa'li" on the authority of "Huzaifah" who said:

The Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: "What I fear most for you, is a man who reads the Qur'an until such time when the blessing of Qur'an is reflected on him and he takes Islam as his Cloak ... he then turns around and strips himself off from Islam and then tosses it away behind his back, then he heads quickly towards his neighbour with his sword unsheathed and he calls him a 'MUSHRIK'" I said: "O, Prophet of Allah! Who is more worthy of being called a MUSHRIK the one being attacked or the attacker". He replied, "It is indeed the attacker."

To end this research on a happy note let me draw your attention to the following Hadith: The Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has himself indicated the excellence of this great month and day in reply to a questioner. When the questioner wanted to find out about fasting on Mondays, the Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied: "That is the day on which I was BORN".

COMPILED BY THE IMAM AHMED RAZA ACADEMY IN SOUTH AFRICA

Also, as mentioned above:
http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/islamonline_mawlid_fatwa.htm


on January 9, 2005 9:36 AM
Abu Hameedullah said

Examples from the time of Sahaba


by Dr. G.F. Haddad


1. Imam Ahmad narrated in his Musnad (al-Arna'ut ed. 20:237 #12872 with a sound chain as per the criteria of al-Bukhari and Muslim): From Anas [ibn Malik] who said: The Messenger of Allah said - Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam: "There shall come to you throngs of people softer of hearts than you." Then came the Ash`aris [people of Yemen], among them Abu Musa. They began, when they drew near al-Madina, to recite:

Tomorrow We Meet Our Dear Beloved:
Muhammad and His Party!

2. Imam Ahmad narrated in his Musnad (al-Arna'ut ed. 20:148 #12732 with a sound chain as per the criteria of al-Bukhari and Muslim): From Anas [ibn Malik] who said: The Ansar said:

We are those who pledged to Muhammad
Our Jihad ever as long as we live!

Whereupon the Messenger of Allah replied - Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam:

O Allah! Goodness is the goodness of the hereafter,
Therefore, forgive the Ansar and the Muhajira!

3. Anas related that when the Prophet - Allah bless and greet him - first came to Madina the Ansar came out, men and women, and they were all saying: "With us, O Messenger of Allah!" [i.e. come stay with us.] The Prophet - Allah bless and greet him - said: "Let the camel choose, for she has her orders." The camel alighted at the door of Abu Ayyub. Anas continued: (After he went in) the women of Banu al-Najjar came out banging their drums and singing:

Nahnu jawr min ban al-najjr,
ya habbadh Muhammadin min jr!

We are the girls of the Sons of Najjar
O delight of Muhammad for a neighbor!

The Prophet - Allah bless and greet him - said: "O Allah! bless them."

In another narration he came out and said: "Do you love me?" (atuhibbn?)

They replied: Ey wallh Ya Raslallh.Yes, by Allah, O Messenger of Allah!

At this he said:

Wa an uhibbukum
Wa an uhibbukum
Wa an uhibbukum

And I love you.

And in another version he said:

Allhu ya`lamu anna qalb yuhibbukunna

or

Allhu ya`lamu ann la'uhibbukunna

i.e.Allah knows that my heart loves you / that in truth I do love you.

Narrated by al-Bayhaqi with two chains in Dala'il al-Nubuwwa (2:508), Ibn Majah in his Sunan, book of Nikah (#1889), and Abu Nu`aym in the Hilya (1985 ed. 3:120). Al-Busiri al-Kinani said in Misbah al-Zujaja fi Zawa'id Ibn Majah (2:106): "This [Ibn Majah's] is a sound chain, its narrators are trustworthy and part of it is in the Two Books of Sahih from `A'isha, and, in al-Bukhari and the Four Sunan, from al-Rubayya` bint Mu`awwadh. Ibn Kathir cites it in al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya (3:199-200), and al-Suyuti in al-Khasa'is al-Kubra (1:190). Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari (1959 ed. 7:261) states that al-Hakim documents it and Abu Sa`d al-Naysaburi mentions it in his Sharaf al-Mustafa, as also mentioned by Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Alawi al-Maliki in al-Bayan wa al-Ta`rif fi Dhikra al-Mawlid al-Sharif (p. 24-25).

4. When the Prophet - Allah bless and greet him - came to Madina the young girls of the Ansar called out:

The full moon rose over us from the mountains of al-Wada!
We must give thanks as long as there remains one who calls unto Allah!

Narrated by Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari in al-Riyad al-Nadira (1:480). Ibn Kathir cites it in al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya (Ma`arif ed. 3:197, 5:23) and Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari (1959 ed. 7:261), indicating its minimum grade of fair (hasan) as per his criterion for narrations he cites in this work.

Blessings and peace on the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions.

on January 9, 2005 9:40 AM
Abu Hameedullah said

Sayings of the Rightly-Guided Imams Regarding the Mawlid

Imam Al Suyuti

In Al hawi lil fatawi, Al Suyuti wrote a special chapter entitled, "The Good Intention in Commemorating the Mawlid," at the beginning of which he said, "There is a question being asked about commemorating the Mawlid of the Prophet (saws) in the month of Rabi al Awwal: What is the religious legal ruling in this regard? Is it good or bad? Does the one who celebrates get rewarded or not? The answer according to me is as follows: To commemorate the Mawlid, which is basically gathering people together, reciting parts of the Quran, narrating stories about the Prophets birth and the signs that accompanied it, then serving food, and afterwards departing is one of the good innovations; and the one who practices it gets rewarded, because it involves venerating the status of the Prophet (saws) and expressing joy for his honorable birth."

Ibn Taymiyya

In his book Iqtida' al Siratul Mustaqeem [Al hadeeth print, p. 266]. Ibn Taymiyya states, "As to what some people have innovated either to compete with Christians on the birth of `Isa u or for the love of the Prophet (saws) and veneration for him, Allah might reward them for their love and ijtihad."

As far as we are concerned, we commemorate the Mawlid for no other reason but what Ibn Taymiya said, "Out of love and veneration of the Prophet." May Allah I reward us according to this love and effort, and may Allah I bless the one who said, "Let alone what the Christians claim about their Prophet, and you may praise Muhammad e in any way you want and attribute to his essence all honors and to his status all greatness, for his merit has no limits that any expression by any speaker might reach." [Imam al-Busayri]

Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Haythami

In the same source previously mentioned, Suyuti said, "Someone asked Ibn Hajar about commemorating the Mawlid. Ibn Hajar answered, Basically, commemorating the Mawlid is an innovation that has not been transmitted by the righteous Muslims of the first three centuries. However, it involves good things and their opposites, therefore, whoever looks for the good and avoids the opposites then it is a good innovation. It occurred to me (Suyuti) to trace it to its established origin, which has been confirmed in the two authentic books: al Sahihain. When the Prophet (saws) arrived in Medina he found that the Jews fast the day of `ashura; when he inquired about it they said, This is the day when Allah I drowned the Pharaoh and saved Moses, therefore we fast it to show our gratitude to Allah I. From this we can conclude that thanks are being given to Allah on a specific day for sending bounty or preventing indignity or harm. What bounty is greater than the bounty of the coming of this Prophet (saws), the Prophet of Mercy, on that day?"

"This is regarding the basis of Mawlid. As for the activities, these should consist only of things that express thankfulness to Allah I, such as what has been previously mentioned: reciting Quran, eating food, giving charity, reciting poetry, praising the Prophet (saws) or on piety which moves hearts and drives them to do good and work for the Hereafter."

These are the derivations that those opposed to Mawlid call false conclusions and invalid analogies.

Imam Mohammed bin Abu Bakr Abdullah al Qaisi al Dimashqi

He wrote Jami` al athar fi mawlid, Al nabiy al mukhtar, Al lafz al raiq fi mawlid khayr al khalaiq, and Mawlid al sa`ada fi mawlid al hadi.

Imam Al `Iraqi

He wrote Al Mawlid al heni fi al mawlid al sani.

Mulla `Ali Al Qari

He wrote Al mawlid al rawi fil mawlid al nabawi.

Imam Ibn Dahiya

He wrote Al Tanweer fi mawlid al basheer al nadheer.

Imam Shamsu Din bin Nasir al Dimashqi

He wrote Mawlid al sa`ada fi mawlid al hadi. He is the one who said about the Prophets e estranged uncle, Abu Lahab, "This unbeliever who has been disparaged, perish his hands, will stay in Hell forever. Yet, every Monday his torment is being reduced because of his joy at the birth of the Prophet (saws). How much mercy can a servant expect who spends all his life joyous about the Prophet (saws) and dies believing in the Oneness of Allah I?"

Imam Shamsu Din Ibn Al Jazri

He wrote Al nashr fil qiraat al `ashr, `urf al tareef bil mawlid al shareef.

Imam Ibn al Jawzi

Imam Ibn al Jawzi said about the honorable Mawlid, "It is security throughout the year, and glad tidings that all wishes and desires will be fulfilled."

Imam Abu Shama

Imam Abu Shama (Imam Nawawis shaykh) in his book al baith ala Inkar al bida` wal hawadith (pg.23) said, "One of the best innovations in our time is what is being done every year on the Prophets e birthday, such as giving charity, doing good deeds, displaying ornaments, and expressing joy, for that expresses the feelings of love and veneration for him in the hearts of those who are celebrating, and also, shows thankfulness to Allah I for His bounty by sending His Messenger e the one who has been sent as a Mercy to the worlds."

Imam al Shihab al Qastallani

Al Qastalani (al Bukharis commentator) in his book Al mawahib al ladunniya (1-148) said, "May Allah I have mercy on the one who turns the nights of the month of the Prophets e birth into festivities in order to increase the suffering of those whose hearts are filled with disease and sickness."

There are others who wrote and spoke about Mawlid, such as Imam al Sakhawi, Imam Wajihu Din bin `Ali bin al Dayba al Shaybani al Zubaidi, and many more, which we will not mention due to the limited space available. From these many evidences, it should be clear by now that celebrating the Mawlid is highly commendable and allowed. Surely we cannot simply shrug off as heretics the scholars and dignitaries of this nation who approved the commemoration of the Mawlid and wrote countless books on the subject. Are all these scholars, to whom the whole world is indebted for the beneficial books they have written on Prophetic sayings, jurisprudence, commentaries, and other sorts of knowledge, among the indecent who commit sins and evil? Are they, as those opposed to Mawlid claim, imitating the Christians in celebrating the birth of Jesus? Are they claiming that the Prophet (saws) did not convey to the nation what they should do? We leave answers to these questions up to you.

We must continue to examine the errors which those opposed to Mawlid utter. They say, "If celebrating the Mawlid is from the religion, then the Prophet (saws) would have made it clear to the nation, or would have done it in his lifetime, or it would have been done by the Companions." No one can say that the Prophet (saws) did not do it out of his humbleness, for this is speaking evil of him, so they cannot use this argument.

Furthermore, that the Prophet (saws) and his Companions did not do a certain thing does not mean they made that thing prohibited. The proof is in the Prophets (saws) saying, "Whoever establishes in Islam, a good practice...." cited earlier. This is the strongest evidence that gives encouragement to innovate whatever practices have foundations in religious law, even if the Prophet (saws) and his Companions did not do them. Al Shafi`i said, "Anything that has a foundation in religious law is not an innovation even if the Companions did not do it, because their refraining from doing it might have been for a certain excuse they had at the time, or they left it for something better, or perhaps not all of them knew about it." Therefore, whoever prohibits anything based on the concept that the Prophet (saws) did not do it, his claim has no proof and must be rejected.

Thus, we say to the rejecters of Mawlid: based on the rule you have attempted to found, that is, that whoever does anything that the Prophet (saws) or his Companions did not do is committing innovation, it would follow that the Prophet (saws) did not complete the religion for his nation, and that the Prophet (saws) did not convey to the nation what they should do. No one says this or believes this except a heretic defecting from the religion of Allah I. To the doubters of Mawlid we declare, "Based on what you say, we convict you," for you have innovated in the basics of worship a large number of things that the Prophet (saws) did not do nor did his Companions, the Generation after the Companions, or the Generation after them. For instance:


Congregating people behind one Imam to pray salat al tahajjud after salat al tarawih, in the two Holy Mosques and other mosques.

Reciting the prayer of completion of the Quran in salat al tarawih and also in salat al tahajjud.

Designating the 27th night of Ramadan to complete reading the entire Quran in the two Holy Mosques.

A caller saying, after salat al tarawih, in the Qiyam prayer, "May Allah reward you."

The saying: "Oneness of Allah Is divided into three parts: Oneness of Godhood; Oneness of Lordship and Oneness of of the Names and Attributes." Is this found in a hadith, the statements of the companions or the statements of the four imams?

Founding organizations which did not exist in the time of the Prophet, such as Islamic universities, societies for committing the Quran to memory, and offices for missionary work, and committees for enjoining good and forbidding evil.

We are not objecting to these things, since they are forms of good innovation. We merely list these innovations to point out that those who oppose Mawlid clearly contradict their own rule stating that anything that neither the Prophet (saws) nor his Companions did is innovation. Since they claim that all innovation is bad, they themselves are guilty.

Yet another claim they make is to say that those who commemorate the Mawlid are mostly indecent and immoral. This is a vulgar statement and it only reflects the character of the one saying it. Are all the distinguished scholars that we have mentioned, from the point of view of those opposed to Mawlid, indecent and immoral? We wont be surprised if this is what they believe. This is a most serious slander. We say, as the poet said, "When Allah I wants to spread a virtue that has been hidden, He would let a tongue of an envious person know about it."

Those opposed to Mawlid, may Allah I guide them, have confused some expressions, and claim that some religious scholars associate partners with Allah. Take for example the plea of Imam al-Busayri to Prophet Muhammad e "Oh, most generous of creation, I have no one to resort to, save You, when the prevailing event takes place." They must examine carefully the saying of Imam al-Busayri: "`inda hulul al-hadith il `amami, when the prevailing event takes place." What is al `amam? It means that which prevails over the whole universe, and all of creation, in referring to the Day of Judgment. Imam al-Busayri is asking intercession from the Prophet (saws) on the Day of Judgment because on that day we will have no one to resort to or appeal to. Imam al-Busayri seeks his intercession to Allah I through the Prophet (saws), for when all other Messengers and Prophets will be saying, "Myself, myself," the Prophet will be saying, "I am the one for it, I am for it [the Intercession]." It becomes even more clear now that the doubts of those opposed to Mawlid are unfounded, just as their charges of associating partners with Allah I are unfounded. This is due to their blindness, both physical and spiritual.

Another similar example can be found in the well-known saying transmitted by the distinguished Imam al Kamal bin al Hammam al Hanafi, author of Fath il qadeer fi manasik al farisi, and Sharh al mukhtar min al sa`ada al ahnaf. When Imam Abu Hanifa visited Medina, he stood in front of the honorable grave of the Prophet (saws) and said, "O, most honorable of the Two Weighty Ones (humankind and jinn)! O, treasure of mankind, shower your generosity upon me and please me with your pleasure. I am aspiring for your generosity, and there is no one for Abu Hanifa in the world but you." Again, we must not misinterpret this entreaty, but realize its true meaning.

Yet another misconception those opposed to Mawlid hold can be seen in their statements such as these: "What occurs during Mawlid is mixing between men and women, singing and playing musical instruments, and drinking alcohol." I myself know this to be a lie, for I have attended many Mawlids and have not seen any mixing and never heard any musical instruments. As for drunkenness, yes, I have seen it, but not that of worldly people. We found people intoxicated with the love of the Prophet (saws), a state surpassing even the agony of death, which we know overcame our master Bilal at the time of his death. In the midst of this sweet stupor he was saying, "Tomorrow I shall meet the loved ones, Muhammad e and his Companions."

To continue, those opposed to Mawlid say, "The day of the Prophets e birth is the same day of the week as his death. Therefore, joy on this day is no more appropriate than sorrow, and if religion is according to ones opinion, then this day should be a day of mourning and sorrow." This kind of lame eloquence is answered by the Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, in Al hawi lil fatawi (pg.193), "The Prophets e birth is the greatest bounty, and his death is the greatest calamity. Religious law urges us to express thankfulness for bounties, and be patient and remain calm during calamities. Religious law has commanded us to sacrifice an animal on the birth of a child [and distribute the meat to the needy], which is an expression of gratitude and happiness with the newborn, while it did not command us to sacrifice at the time of death. Also, it prohibited wailing and showing grief. Therefore, the rules of Divine Law indicate that it is recommended to show joy during the month of the Prophets birth and not to show sorrow for his death."

Furthermore, Ibn Rajab, in his book Al lataif, dispraising the rejecters of Mawlid based on the above argument said, "Some designated the day of `ashura as a funeral ceremony for the murder of al Hussein. But neither Allah I nor His Prophet (saws) commanded that the days of the prophets great trials or deaths should be declared days of mourning, let alone those with lesser rank."

We conclude this article with a saying of the Prophet (saws) which has been narrated by Abu Ya`ala, from Hudhaifa and about which Ibn Kathir said, "Its chain of transmission is good." Abu Ya`ala said, "The Prophet (saws) has said, One of the things that concerns me about my nation is a man who studied the Quran, and when its grace started to show on him and he had the appearance of a Muslim, he detached himself from it, and threw it behind his back, and went after his neighbor with a sword and accused him of associating partners with Allah I. I then asked, Oh, Prophet of Allah, which one is more guilty of associating partners with Allah, the accused or the accuser? The Prophet (saws) said, It is the accuser."

Completed, with all Praises to Allah and salutations and peace be upon our master Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and his Companions.?

on January 9, 2005 9:45 AM
Abu Hameedullah said

So now some one has to post the refutation of these above statements, and after that the refutations of the refutations can be posted as well.

on January 9, 2005 1:20 PM
Muhsin said

LOL!
the articles you posted go on tangents and give other non-relevant examples that do not point clear cut evidence to allow celebration of Mawlidun nabee'. Yes the girls sang talaal badru alayna and when the tribes came to gave their pledge. But no where in the city of madeenah on 12th Rabiul Awwal was it like, the Prophet was born today, let us celebrate. You cannot signal out a day like birthday(otherwise what is wrong with me celebrating my birthday, I am a blessing to my parents?), if you want to celebrate the Prophet coming to us and for Allaah's blessing, then we follow his sunnah and read his seerah and apply it.And the evidence that Rasool SAW said dont overpraise me like christians did Jesus is very overcompelling. We can sing nasheeds at weddings, these are things allowed. The argument can go on and on but at least people know there are these two opinions. One of the things I see really compelling and true in the article you posted that Sheikh Ibn Baaz should have also criticized the Saudi government for their haraam actions( wallaahu alim, I cannot say anything bad about someone who has passed away rahmatullaah alayhe).
Bottom line of the two opinions, is that scholars are not perfect, they can be right and they can be wrong.People have the right to read through both evidences carefully and do what their heart tells them to. We are rational educated individuals and we should think abour our choices
Wallaahu alim.

on January 9, 2005 4:55 PM
Muhsin said

The bottom line I see is that the so called "religious" opinion divides have become based on racial lines. Mostly Arabs follow shiekh Ibn Baaz and Al-uthaymeen and mostly non-Arabs namely the Indians and Pakistanis follow the other scholars. We have to stop this racial divide and that is why I am against all this propoganda.

on January 9, 2005 4:59 PM
Muhsin said

Moreover, your articles, clearly mention by name the "sect" and mine does no such thing. Perhaps one is indeed showing slight respect and nobleness, wallaahu alim.

your articles also insult people like myself that dont believe in meelaad.

on January 9, 2005 5:06 PM
Abu Hameedullah said

They are not "my" articles. They are simply examples of the literature one can find supporting the mawlid, as articles supporting the other opinion have been posted. Some of the articles are rude to others, which is obviously not a good thing, but it shows how polarized people can be over this issue.

Also, the articles I posted are from non-indian/pakistani sources, so there is not really a racial divide on the issue. For example, here is an article against the mawlid from a indian/pakistani scholar:

http://www.islam.tc/ask-imam/view.php?q=1021

So there are various opinions on the issue from all parts of the world.

In the end, one side will probably not convince the other through these arguments and proofs. We all need to make sure that we follow the shariah, and we can all agree that if people begin to do unlawful actions by celebrating the mawlid, then they are better off not celebrating it. On the other hand, if people want to gather for a dars or nasheed about the prophet around the time of the mawlid, this may be seen as bidah to some while not to others. We should all strive to make sure our actions are in accordance with the shariah, even though we may not agree on what the shariah mandates in every situation.

on January 9, 2005 6:35 PM
Muhsin said

I agree brother, I agree :)
Alhamdulillaah.
And FYI I do not consider it bid'ah to remember the prophet or do a halaqah on seerah whether it is on 12 Rabiul awwal or otherwise :)

on January 9, 2005 6:46 PM
asif said

Salaam:

The articles posted were long and winded and it reaffirms to me yet once again, that what the ulemas of the past had debated the Sheikhs are still doing today...no progress there.
I probably am an outcast here but personally this to me is not "Efficent". I mean as muslims, the bearer of the last and complete religion for all humankind, we are in no better shape then what we were lets say 1300 years ago, as far as sorting out the differences in opinion is concerned. If the scholars and ulemas of islam are not gonna sort out these issues for us then who will; I guess we can always go to courts and have an official verdict issued, one way or other.

Pardon me for being sarcastic, but I cant help it.

Another point in here, Rasul'Allah (sal-lal-la-hu-wa-sal-lam) life was nothing but a manifestation of Quran in person. Wouldn't it help when all the ulemas will assess their opinions (when they cant agree after a healthy debate) to conform with the overall teachings of Quraan as taught to us by the prophet. And Make life easier for all of us?

Regarding Meelad-un-Nabi, its understood by all thats its a bidah or innovation after the prophet passed away. So its not sunnah or mandatory per say...so if someone does celebrate this "optional" reverence, would it be acceptable or not?

Thats what it boils down to. And as far as I know, optional acts of worship or good deeds cannot be mandated or instituted by any fatwah from any sheikh to the general populace. It can at most have personal & cultural connotations and nothing more.

Jazak'Allah Khair for listening.

on January 9, 2005 6:50 PM
Abu Hameedullah said

Someone posted earlier:

"ii. the cartoon figures that were posted, besides unnecessarily mocking people of knowledge who approve of and participate in mawlid celebrations and comparing them to disbelievers, would be considered by many scholars a form of tasweer. it strikes me as more that a little bizzare that one would employ such a controversial method to deride a seemingly controversial practice. "

Perhaps the editors should consider removing the drawing above, given that a face can be seen on the two figures. Many scholars prohibit this type of drawing.

on January 9, 2005 7:36 PM
gillette said

Oh God. I stop constantly hitting the refresh button on HidayaOnline.com for one weekend, and the mawlid debate opens up again.

Abu Hameedullah, I'm deleting the quotes that you cited that Justoju has already used (once I get around to reading your posts :-).

I didn't say that the mawlid was a bid'ah (though it might be apparent that I hold it as such), but I wanted to draw the similarity between Christmas and the Mawlid. Alhamdulillah, the scholars cited are among the greatest of the Ummah's history, but, like Christmas, Milaad un-Nabi is still a made-up holiday because it wasn't mandated by Rasoolullah (saw) just as Christmas, like most of Christianity, wasn't mandated by Isa (alayhissalaam).

I remember, when I was informed that this debate was re-opened, that I'd write more in response. Maybe it'll come to me, inshallah.

To respond to one quote, Ibn Taymiyya said that the people would be rewarded for love and veneration, but not for the bid'ah.

on January 10, 2005 8:35 AM
Abu Hameedullah said

"I didn't say that the mawlid was a bid'ah (though it might be apparent that I hold it as such), but I wanted to draw the similarity between Christmas and the Mawlid."

It seems as if we are debating something that has little importance in this country. Do most communities hold elaborate mawlid celebrations? Is it even made into a "holiday"? Perhaps in other countries, like Pakistan, Egypt, and others, some people make the day into a holiday and end up doing unlawful acts during their celebrations. In America, we don't really seem to have this situation. At most, most masaajid simply hold a program in which there is a dars about the Prophet and sing some naat/nasheed. As I stated earlier, this may be seen as a bidah to some people but not to others.

So we can continue to debate this, but we all need to ask ourselves, what effect does this have on our lives? Is it really an important issue in our society? Do our friends or family take the day off from work or school, dress up in extravagent clothes, put up "mawlid" trees, and walk around with bags of gifts to give out to children?

The articles against the mawlid seem to bring the most attention to it in this country than any actual celerbration itself. Every year, the same articles are either emailed or posted on websites. As I stated in my original post, I only presented the quotes above to illustrate that scholars do in fact have different opinions about the issue.

We should all focus on more important things, things that will actually help us and those around us.

And seriously, to the editors, you should definately consider deleting the drawing for the reasons given above (riducule of a group of Muslims, use of questionable/prohibited picture).

on January 10, 2005 9:00 AM
Justoju said

AssalamuAlaikum,

It is waaayyy too early in the day to be having a mawlid discussion...Look, the bottom line is how you define bidah. The status of mawlid changes depending on how inclusive/exclusive you (and the scholars you choose to listen to) define it. The question that is at the root of all this (since NO ONE here likes bad innovations and we all want our deen in pure form) is of WHAT defines a reprehensible bidah. The big four mujtahids and their students (who existed a whiles back before the time of many other scholars that people quote) defined it differently from many of the people posting here and elsewhere. You really cant say that they were all valid and that it is permissable to follow their ijtihad on a matter and then turn around and say that they were ALL wrong about something as immensely important to the preservation of deen as the issue of bidah. When you reject something that ALL the 4 madhabs agreed upon, you are really rejecting not only those mujtahids but also the vast vast majority of scholars who have ever lived (since most of them followed a madhab) and all the people who ever followed the ijtihad of those mujtahids. I mean, they are either valid, or not. None of them were perfect humans, we are just talking about validity of their ijtihad here.

I urge you to read the following link. After having spoken to fiqh teachers of diff. madhabs I can assure you that the definition and explanation that is given in the article mirrors that of the vast vast majority of madhab scholars. If you dont believe me, go and ask a shafii/maliki/hanafi/hanbali sheikh about what they think of the definition of bidah and what the earliest fiqh texts of their school of thought say about it. I would hate for anyone to take my word for anything...

http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/nuh/bida.htm

(btw, sheikh abdul qadir al jilani was a devout hanbali)

We all really need to start focusing on more important things that are confronting the ummah...

...like my last article. I only got 7 posts. Whats up with that? I know I have written worse pieces that have gotten more comments. We need to get hidaya jumping again.

on January 10, 2005 9:59 AM
gillette said

"If you dont believe me, go and ask a shafii/maliki/hanafi/hanbali sheikh"

the ulema of deoband are among the most reputable of the hanafi scholars today. i refused going to a birthday party because a deoband mufti told me it was haraam, and that we're not even allowed to celebrate mawlidun nabi, let alone ours. his reasoning for not going to a birthday party was that it was a kaafir holiday.

"We all really need to start focusing on more important things that are confronting the ummah...

...like my last article. I only got 7 posts. Whats up with that? I know I have written worse pieces that have gotten more comments. We need to get hidaya jumping again."

Hah! "Bid'ah" tops "marriage" as the topic that sparks the most discussion.

There's for the ummah hope after all.

on January 10, 2005 10:32 AM
DeobandiView said

An explanation of the deobandi view can be found at:

http://www.daruliftaa.com/question.asp?txt_QuestionID=q-11251622

on January 10, 2005 12:44 PM
asif said

We all really need to start focusing on more important things that are confronting the ummah...

(Ditto!)

...like my last article. I only got 7 posts. Whats up with that? I know I have written worse pieces that have gotten more comments. We need to get hidaya jumping again.

(Well, we are all running lean...Ideas and inputs are triggered by healthy discussion...but most of the folks were in the Al-Maghrib seminar...hopefully we will see more comments and interaction now, Insha'Allah.)

on January 10, 2005 2:54 PM
Abu Hameedullah said

Here are some good quotes from the article in the link above:

" In an age and time when Muslims are being attacked by the enemies of Islam from every angle possible, to debate and talk about something which is a non-issue (yes, a non-issue), such as celebrating the Mawlid is doing injustice to ourselves.

Thousands of Muslims are being massacred and persecuted day in day out, many are involved in all sorts of un-Islamic activities, youngsters are on the brink of disbelief (kufr), our young brothers and sisters are involved in drinking, drug abuse and fornication, yet here we are debating whether it is permissible to celebrate the birthday of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace). "

"If we look at all the other religions, faiths, nations, groups, and organisations, they try and increase the numbers of their associates. The Christians claim that most of the worlds population are followers of their faith, and many other religions also try their best to include every individual in their religion who has a minor attachment to them, in order to increase the size of their following. However, Muslims are the only ones who try their best to decrease the Ummah of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) by forcing people to believe what they dont, and reduce the Muslim Ummah as much as possible. We dont hesitate for one moment in branding one another as disbelievers. "

"Thus, one should not haste in branding and terming other Muslims as disbelievers or sinners and innovators, for branding a Muslim a disbeliever is a grave thing indeed. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him eternal peace) said: Any person who calls his brother: O Unbeliever! (then the truth of this label) would return to one of them. If it is true, (then it is) as he asserted, (but if it is not true), then it returns to him (and thus the person who made the accusation is an Unbeliever). (Sahih al-Bukhari, no. 6130 and Sahih Muslim, no. 60, reported by Ibn Umar, Allah be pleased with him)

Thus, it is very important that we have tolerance, patience and forbearance. We must be precautious in what we say. We should try and look for excuses for our fellow Muslim brothers and sisters. If a statement or viewpoint of a fellow Muslim seems incorrect, then rather than condemning the person, go and investigate as to whether it is true or otherwise. Dont force others to believe what they themselves do not believe.
"

on January 10, 2005 3:04 PM
WHo said

thank God! something besides marriage is getting importance. A suggestion, if you get a married person with some experience write an article on marriage that makes a difference, not an unmarried single girl writing on marriage, there is little or no foundation unless it is strictly Qur'aan and Sunnah. So there is no point in commenting and saying things about marriage, when you have no experience in the issue. Even spousal selection advice should be given by married people that have experience(not me as i am only married couple of months)

Oh and yeah this is Ibitsam

on January 11, 2005 11:18 AM
asif said

Ibtisam WHo??
:)
Salaam Sister Ibtisaam.
Nice to hear from you, Masha'Allah.

May Allah bless you and your husband and your family...Ameen

Ma'Assalaama

on January 11, 2005 1:24 PM
Ibby said

I actually started to read Nasiha to see if it had more aah.... professional content. And I read
Br.Talal's article: Sister, Sister Cant Resist her.
I must say very well written and humorous article about the Ramirez girl. And what is wrong with Blond hair anyways, if she really was the One? Anyways excellent writing and very funny. I was laughing continously at the two brothers.

Men are such weirdos. Today, I went to get some food from the vendor(cause I did not cook and did not want to) and he starts to flirt with me, like "Hi, where've you been all this time(I never saw him at the wonder, so what did he mean by that, I dotn know)?" When I hand him the money, he looks at at the bill and is like "Whats your number?" The kid was literally younger than me, Muslim and couldnt speak proper english. He asks for my number, I am lke: I am married(dont bother) and that is all I could say, cause i was sorta surprised at his behavior, I mean I can see in Egypt or wherever he's from, they go asking for a girl's numbers but not here. So he just rolls his eyes in embarrasment and shuts up. Aagh! No respect for even muhajjibaat?

on January 12, 2005 12:02 AM
Talal said

Feel free to lavish praise or cause trouble of an relating to "Sister Sister, Can't Resist Her" here:

http://www.hidayaonline.com/archives/000227.html

:)

on January 12, 2005 2:06 AM
Prince Shahnawaz said

As-salam-wale-kum
I want to ask u more about salat tahajud and it's advantages. plz tell me as soon as possible

on March 4, 2005 6:46 PM
Justoju said

I know I am going to kick myself later for reopening this jar but I am truly truly confused. Sheikh Qaradawi and Sheikh 'Atiyah Saqr are pro-mawlid?!? HUH?! Did I miss something? Am I the only one who wasnt aware of this? Did I read the fatwa incorrectly?

http://islamonline.net/fatwa/english/FatwaDisplay.asp?hFatwaID=34150

on April 4, 2005 11:36 PM
Ibtisam said

I now got too much of my own troubles to talk about this :) subhanallaah. It does not matter to me anyways any more. :(

on April 4, 2005 11:48 PM
Justoju said

(already kicking self)

btw, the above post was not meant to reopen this debate--which I think has been exhausted. I kinda like how we ended on the "We are all muslims here, we all love each other, and whether or not some person celebrates a certain day of the year is not the biggest issue the ummah is facing at present." vibe...

on April 4, 2005 11:52 PM
khadija said

hello

on May 16, 2005 6:05 PM
shahzad ahmed said

assalam allycum please give me the detail of
salam which sung in masjid of kattar sunni it is right or rong
allah hafiz
shahzad

on June 25, 2005 8:36 AM
gillette said

please e-mail the brother.

on June 25, 2005 10:10 AM
Talal said

There's no need to re-start the already exhausted topic dicussed in this thread of comments.

Just about all that can be said has been said.. so read above if you want, but comments not shining any new light will be deleted judiciously (yes, judiciously).

EIC barra.
(and you regular Hidayans... stop causin' a ruckus :) )

on October 21, 2005 2:17 AM
Justoju said

what happened?

on October 21, 2005 2:05 PM
You heard the Man ! said

enough said :)

on October 23, 2005 8:38 PM
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