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October 12, 2004
The Ramadan Syndrome

by Faisal Akhtar

A decline in piety after the month of Ramadan characterized by the neglect of acts of worship and in some severe cases neglect of obligatory duties as well as indulgence in haram acts resulting in loss of reward earned during Ramadan.

Alternative Names
Steadfastness Complex , Post Ramadan Stress Disorder (PRSD)

Causes, incidences and Risk Factors
The Ramadan Syndrome is mostly caused by lack of fear of Allah which, in severe cases, results in neglecting obligatory duties such as Fardh Prayer, Zakah, obedience to parents coupled with indulgence in haram acts such as listening to music, reading trashy novels while neglecting the Quran. Other symptoms may include neglect of the Sunnah and Nafil acts. The Ramadan Syndrome is the single most common occurrence of the Steadfastness Complex with an occurrence rate of 2 in 3 Muslims though these numbers are not confirmed.

Muslims suffering from Ramadan syndrome have an easily recognizable characteristic appearance. Their prayers may become shortened and they may stop coming to congregational prayers altogether. The charity given by these Muslims may be diminished after Ramadan when compared with the charity given during Ramadan. Brothers may start shaving their beards while they didn't do so during Ramadan. Sister may start wearing tight pants when they refrained from doing so during Ramadan.

There are many risks associated with the Ramadan syndrome. Among these is the risk of loss of reward earned during Ramadan. Lack of follow-up good deeds after Ramadan maybe a sign of lack of acceptance of good deeds done during Ramadan (1).

In severe cases, symptoms may include and are not limited to
-Neglect of obligatory acts
-Indulgence in Haram actions
While in mild cases, symptoms may include and are limited to
-Lack of interest in reading the Quraan and pondering its meaning
-Neglecting Nafil and Sunnah acts
-Lack of interest in acquiring knowledge
-A general disinterest in improving ones iman.

Small incremental and continuous doses of good deeds are recommended for people at risk. However, if the deeds are not continued steadily and persisted upon, the likelihood of contraction increases. Also, if deeds are too burdensome, there is a possibility that the subject will get burnt out and will stop after Ramadan. It is important to note that dosage of deeds needs to small yet steady. (2)

Another excellent preventative measure is to start fasting in Shaban, continue fasting at-least 10 days in the month immediately following Ramadan and continuing nafil fasts throughout the year. People who only fast the 29 or 30 days in Ramadan are at high risk of contracting this syndrome.

While prevention is the best measure to avoid contracting this syndrome, treatments are available. These treatments include daily dosage of sincere repentance at-least five times a day coupled with a sincere intention to change. Also, striving to do good deeds after one has contracted this syndrome increases the likelihood of being cured (3).

If symptoms persist, contact a trusted scholar immediately.


(1) al-Hasan al-Basri said: "They were no longer of any significance to Allaah, so they committed sin. If they had mattered to Him, He would have protected them. When a person becomes insignificant to Allaah, Allaah will no longer honour him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And whomsoever Allaah disgraces, none can honour him" [al-Hajj 22:18]

(2) Narrated by Muslim.
When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about which deeds are most beloved to Allaah, he said, "Those which are continuous, even if they are little."

(3)The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Follow a bad deed with a good deed, for it will wipe it out; and have a good attitude and good manners towards people."

My Sources

of and relating to...
gillette aka hassan khaja said

This article is taken from the book Mukhtasar Minhaajul-Qaasideen (p. 38-41) of the illustrious scholar and righteous Imaam, Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (d.529H). This article was translated by Isma'eel Ibn al-Arkaan and edited by Abu Khaliyl. There were also slight adaptions made to it, such as the exclusion of a couple of statements.

Know, that in the fast (Sawm) is a special quality that is not found in anything else. And that is its close connection to Allaah, such that He says:

‘‘The Fast (Sawm) is for Me and I will reward it.’’ [2]
This connection is enough to show the high status of fasting. Similarly, the Ka’bah is highly dignified due to its close connection to Him, as occurs in His statement:

‘‘And sanctify My House.’’ [3]

Indeed, the fast is only virtuous due to two significant concepts:

THE FIRST: It is a secret and hidden action, thus, no one from the creation is able to see it Therefore riyaa‘ (showing off) cannot enter into it.

THE SECOND: It is a means of subjugating the enemies of Allaah. This is because the road that the enemies (of Allaah) embark upon (in order to misguide the Son of Aadam) is that of desires. And eating and drinking strengthens the desires. There are many reports that indicate the merits of fasting, and they are well known


The pre-dawn meal (suhoor) and delaying in taking it are preferable, as well as hastening to break the fast and doing so with dates. Generosity in giving is also recommended during Ramadhaan, as well as doing good deeds and increasing in charity. This is in accordance with the way of the Messenger of Allaah. It is also recommended to study the Qur‘aan and perform I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship) during Ramadhaan, especially in its last ten days, as well as increasing upon the exertion (towards doing good deeds) in it. In the two Saheehs, ’Aa‘ishah said: ‘‘When the last ten days (of Ramadhaan) would come, the Prophet would tighten his waist wrapper (izaar)’’ [4] The scholars have mentioned two views concerning the meaning of ‘tighten his wrapper (izaar)’ The first is that it means the turning away from women. The second is that it is an expression denoting his eagerness and diligence in doing good deed. They also say that the reason for: the last ten days of Ramadhaan was due to his seeking of the Night of al-Qadr (Laylatul-Qadr).

There are three levels of fasting, the general fast, the specific fast and the more specific fast. As for the general fast, then it is the refraining of ones stomach and their private parts from fulfilling their desires. The specific fast is the refraining of ones gaze, tongue, hands, feet, hearing and eyes, as well as the rest of his body parts from committing sinful acts. As for the more specific fast, then it is the heart’s abstention from its yearning after the worldly affairs and the thoughts which distance one away from Allaah, as well as its (the heart’s) abstention. From all the things that Allaah has placed on the same level. [5] From the characteristics of the specific fast is that one lowers his gaze and safeguards his tongue from the repulsive speech that is forbidden, disliked, or which has no benefit, as well as controlling the rest of his body parts. . In a hadeeth by al-Bukhaaree: ‘‘Whosoever does not abandon false speech and the acting upon it, Allaah is not in need off his food and drink.’’ [6]

Another characteristic of the specific fast is that one does not overfill himself with food during the night. Instead, he eats in due measure, for indeed, the son of Aadam does not fill a vessel more evil than his stomach. If he were to eat his fill during the first part of the night, he would not make good use of himself for the remainder of the night. In the same way, if he eats to his fill for suhoor, he does make good use of himself until the afternoon. This is because excessive eating breads laziness and lethargy therefore, the objective of fasting disappears due to one's excessiveness in eating, for what is indeed intended by the fast, is that one savours the taste of hunger and becomes an abandoner of desires.

As for the recommended fasts, then know that preference for fasting is established in certain virtuous days. Some of these virtuous days happen every year, such as fasting the first six days of Shawwaal after Ramadhaan, fasting the day of ’Arafah, the day of ’Ashooraa, and the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram. Some of them occur every month, such as the first part of the month, the middle part of it, and the last part of it. So whoever fasts the first part of it, the middle part of it and the last part of it, then he has done well. Some fasts occur every week, and they are every Monday and Thursday. The most virtuous of the recommended fasts is the fast of Daawood. He would fast one day and break his fast the next day. This achieves the following three objectives, the soul is given its share on the day the fast is broken. And on the day of fasting, it completes its share in full. The day of eating is the day of giving thanks and the day of fasting is the day of having patience. And Faith (eemaan) is divided into two halves- that of thankfulness and that of patience. [7] It is the most difficult struggle for the soul. This is because every time the soul gets accustomed to a certain condition, it transfers itself that. As for fasting every day, then it has been reported by Muslim, from the hadeeth of Aboo Qataadah that ’Umar (radiyallaahu ’anhu) asked the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): What is the case if one were to fast everyday? So he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘He did not fast nor did he break his fast or, he did not fast and he did not break his fast.’’ [8] This is concerning the one who fasts continuously, even during the days in which fasting is forbidden.

Know that the one who has been given intellect, knows the objective behind fasting. Therefore, he burdens himself to the extent that he will not be unable to do that which is more beneficial than it. Ibn Mas’ood would fast very little and it is reported that he used to say: ‘‘When I fast, I grow weak in my prayer. And I prefer the prayer over the (optional) fast.’’ Some of the Companions would weaken in their recitation of the Qur‘aan when fasting. Thus, they would exceed in breaking their fast (i.e.. by observing less optional fasts), until they were able to balance their recitation. Every individual is knowledgeable of his condition and of what will rectify it.

on October 12, 2004 3:55 PM
gillette said

please tell me if that was too long

on October 12, 2004 3:55 PM
Faisal Akhtar said

It was. Wow!

Post a link next time.

on October 12, 2004 3:59 PM
passerby said

It was ... but beneficial. I concur with Faisal.


on October 12, 2004 5:32 PM
cookcollegemuslim said

man...this is soooo true....its sad but true...i think its part of the better jihad with our nafs, everytime we get up and walk on the path of our deen we hit a ditch and fall down only to regain that zeal for deen and get up again its constant cycle and struggle to kill our inner self and the satan with in us...after being the most pious one can be for a month a lot ppl just slip back into the norm of cursing, forgetting salat and reading Quran....its a great article and perfecting time i must say...Mashallah...

on October 12, 2004 6:09 PM
Justoju said

MashaAllah, excellent topic to write about. Writing about it as if it were a disease was very appropriate. The best way to know if your last Ramadan was successful is to wait until Shaban and to then see how many habits one initiated in Ramadan and thereafter remained consistent in performing.

Reminds me of something else too...I recall hearing a sheikh once say that if one commits a sin, one should do sincere tawbah (salat at-tawba if possible) IMMEDIATELY because the punishment for a sin is often that the person commits another one...and so the cycle of sin continues.

Br. Gillette, very informative and beneficial posting alhamdulillah. Who cares if it was long, space is not limited and if someone doesnt want to read it they can always scroll down. Its not a big deal.

on October 12, 2004 9:41 PM
Faisal Akhtar said

To all of Hidaya, and to all the Muslims Ummah


May this Ramadan be blessed for you and your families and may it be a month in which you earn your place in Jannah. :-)

on October 14, 2004 6:55 PM
Jannah said

it wasn't long, if it was a link i wouldn't have clicked on it thereby missing all that beneficial info.

on October 14, 2004 9:52 PM
Jannah said

cuz its all about me of course :)


on October 14, 2004 9:53 PM
Saima said

Imagine if muslims entered the pharmaceutical industry... they would make millions.

New potential drug entitties:


Steadfastness Complex ,
Post Ramadan Stress Disorder (PRSD)
Salaah Withdrawal

Mechanism of Action:
seretonin and dopamine agonist
opiod agonist
via the cardiovascular system (i.e. heart).

Contraindications: NONE

Drug Interactions: NONE

Adverse Reations:
>90%: Increased love for Allah, the Almighty
>90%: Increased fear for Allah, the Almighty

Dosage and Administration:

Adults: one tablet 5 times a day, preferrably before prayers and prn (as needed) at night.

How Supplied:

Taqwa® 100mg, 300mg and 500mg tablets
Taqwa® 1mg/ml solution

Manufacturer: The One, the Only.

on October 16, 2004 8:21 AM
Saima said

sorry forgot to include the generic name:

emanafil khabrate

inspired by sr justoju and br faisal's articles. :)

on October 16, 2004 8:24 AM
Justoju said

ahhh....if only it came in a pill....

on October 16, 2004 11:05 AM
islam is the good oneee said

Islam is the good waaaaaaaaaaaaan!

on October 24, 2004 2:24 AM
Justoju said

Make sure the thumbs are sticking up. That is very important.

on October 24, 2004 11:01 AM
Mohammed Irfan Sharif aka Infamous "S" said

very good article

on October 24, 2004 11:21 PM
Faisal Akhtar said

Jazkallah Khair Sharif

on October 25, 2004 1:32 PM
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